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Di s t a n c e
Le a r n i n g
Ma t e
(mVLE Learning Activity Packet)
Lesson 1: Rizal Law and the Catholic Hierarchy
Lesson Objectives
At the end of the lesson, the students must have:
1. identify the proponents and oppositions of the Rizal law;
2. discussed the important provisions of the Rizal law and related issuances;
3. analysed the reasons or intentions of proponents and oppositions of the law; and
4. relate the present issues such as RH Bill and Sogie Bill in the passing of Rizal Bill
oppose by the Catholic Church.
Key Terminologies
Bill. A draft of a law presented to a legislature for enactment
Hierarchy. A system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above
the other according to status or authority.
Law. A rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or
enforced by a controlling authority
Pastoral Letter. An official letter from a bishop to all clergy or member of his or her
Lesson Development
The Rizal Law
Republic Act No. 1425 - an act to include in the Curricula of all public and private
schools, colleges & universities courses on the life, works and writings of Dr. Jose Rizal,
particulary his novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, authorizing the printing and
distribution thereof , and for other purposes”.
*Sen. Claro M. Recto who authored the Rizal Bill. While *Senator Jose P. Laurel, Sr.,
who was then the Chairman of the Committee on Education, sponsored the bill in the Senate.
(*See pictures at the Warm-up Activity Picture 1 and 2 respectively)
Add-on Information
“Sen. Claro M. Rector authored the original version titled Senate Bill 438 is
an act to make Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo compulsory reading matter
in all public and private colleges and universities and for other purposes.
In which this version is greatly opposed by Catholic Hierarchy”.
PI 01
Chapter I: Introduction to the Life and Works of Rizal
Di s t a n c e
Le a r n i n g
Ma t e
(mVLE Learning Activity Packet)
Provisions of The Rizal Law
 Inclusion in the curricula studies on the life & works of Dr. Jose Rizal.
 It obliged all schools, colleges and universities to keep in their libraries
adequate number of copies of the original or unexpurgated editions of the Noli
Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo as well as Rizal's other works and biography.
 It authorized and directed the Board of National Education to work for the
translation of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo as well as other writings
of Dr. Jose Rizal into English, Tagalog and other principal dialects and their
printing in cheap or popular editions and their circulation.
 While the teaching of Rizal as a subject is required, the doctrine of separation
of the church & state is upheld.
*Check this link for the complete copy of R.A. 1425:
Congress passed the Rizal Bill (Senate Bill 438) and was signed into Rizal Law
(Republic Act 1425) by President Ramon Magsaysay on June 12, 1956.
Controversies created by Rizal Law
(Sen. Recto Version)
The Catholic hierarchy was the initial sector to express its dissenting view on the
passage of a law that would make Rizal’s Noli and El Fili as compulsory reading matters in
all schools, colleges and universities in the Philippines.
Pro Rizal Law
 Sen. Jose P. Laurel
 Sen. Claro M. Recto
 Arsenio Lacson, Mayor of
 Other Illustrious Nationalists
being a
Rizal Bill
PI 01
 Veteranos de la Revolucion
(Spirit of 1896)
 Alagad in Rizal
 the Freemasons
 Knights of Rizal.
 There is a need for a
rededication to the ideals of
freedom and nationalism for
which our heroes lived and
Anti Rizal Law
 Sen. Decoroso Rosales – brother of
Archbishop (Cardinal) Rosales
 Francisco “Soc” Rodrigo – President
of Catholic Action of the Philippines
 Sen. Mariano Cuenco – brother of
Archbishop Cuenco
 Jesus Paredes – radio commentator
 Fr. Jesus Cavana – member of the
Paulist Order who wrote a pastoral
 The Friars
 The Catholic Church
 Congregation of the Mission
 Knights of Columbus
 Catholic Teachers Guild
 Catholic Action of Manila
 In the “compulsory” teaching of
the unexpurgated versions of
Rizal’s Noli and El Fili, a teacher
would have the tendency to
discuss—or worse, to criticize—
Chapter I: Introduction to the Life and Works of Rizal
Di s t a n c e
Le a r n i n g
Ma t e
(mVLE Learning Activity Packet)
 There is a need to remember
with special fondness and
devotion the lives and works
of our heroes who shaped the
national character.
 The life, works and writings of
Dr.Jose Rizal particularly, his
novels Noli Me Tangere and El
Filibusterismo are constant
and inspiring source of
patriotism with which the
minds of the youth, especially
during their formative and
decisive years in school,
should be suffused.
 There is a need to develop
moral character, personal
conscience and to teach the
duties of citizenship.
certain Church doctrines and
 Compulsory
conviction was impairment of
both freedom of speech and
 Violation of religious freedom.
 A measure to discredit their
 Novels contained views inimical
to the tenets of their faith.
“Fr. Jesus Cavanna’s Pastoral Letter stand”
 The novels belong to the past.
 It would be harmful to read the novels because they presented false picture of
conditions of the country at that time.
 Noli is an attack on the clergy, aims to ridicule the Catholic faith.
 The novel was not patriotic because out of 333 pages only 25 contained patriotic
passages while 120 were devoted to anti-Catholic attacks.
Important Issuances Relative to the Implementation of Rizal Law
 Approval of R.A. 1425 on June 12, 1956
 Presidential Memorandum Order 247 dated Dec. 26, 1994 – President Ramos
directed the DECS and CHED to immediately and fully implement R.A. 1425.
 CHED Memorandum Order 6, s. 1996 – CHED ordered all colleges and universities
to offer Rizal course as a separate three-unit course fully and immediately.
Rizal: A Legislated and Mandated Course
 Legislated – it is founded on Republic Act 1425 (Rizal Law)
 Mandated – it is ordered by Presidential Memorandum Order 247 and CHED
Memorandum Order 6.
I am writing for the generation of Filipinos yet to come, a generation that will be
enlightened and educated, a generation that will read my books and appreciate them
without condemning me as a heretic.
- Dr. Jose Rizal
PI 01
Chapter I: Introduction to the Life and Works of Rizal
Di s t a n c e
Le a r n i n g
Ma t e
(mVLE Learning Activity Packet)
PI 01
Powerpoint Presentation: Republic Act 1425 (Rizal Law), Prof. Mc Donald Domingo
M. Pascual, Department of History, Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
Cited from:
Powerpoint Presentation:Ra 1425: RIZAL LAW
Cited from:
Powerpoint Presentation: The Republic Act 1425: The Rizal Law
Cited from:
Chapter I: Introduction to the Life and Works of Rizal