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Unit 1 Lesson 3
Climate and Resources
HOW WOULD YOU DESCRIBE THE CLIMATE
AND NATURAL RESOURCES OF NEW JERSEY?
Vocabulary
 Climate: the kind of weather a place has over a long
period of time.
 Precipitation: water that falls to Earth’s surface as
rain, sleet, hail, or snow.
 Nor-Easter: strong storms that bring high winds,
heavy snows, and freezing cold.
Vocabulary
 Natural resources: something found in nature that
people can use.
 Renewable: resource that can be reused or replaced.
 Nonrenewable: cannot be made again.
 Manufacturing: making goods from natural
resources.
New Jersey’s Climate
 Seasonal Climate
 Summer: hot and humid
 Winter: cold with precipitation
 Spring: warm and rainy
 Fall: cool and dry
 Occasional extreme weather like nor’easters
New Jersey’s Climate
 Location Affects Climate
 Northwestern NJ is the coldest area


Higher elevations
Southeastern NJ is the warmest area
Milder along the Atlantic Ocean
 Ocean brings cool breezes in the summer, warm air in the winter

Natural Resources
 Natural Resources
 Found in nature
 People can use them
 Living


Nonliving


Ex: minerals and sand
Renewable


Ex: animals and plants
Ex: trees
Nonrenewable

Ex: minerals
Natural Resources
 New Jersey’s Natural Resources
 Garden State: plentiful harvests of fruit and vegetables
 Inner Coastal Plain and Piedmont Regions: early settlers chose
to farm here
 Atlantic coast, Hudson River, and Delaware River: early
settlers chose to fish here
 Mineral rich hills and mountains of northwestern NJ: settler
came to mine here
Natural Resources
 Using the Land
 Late 1800s, NJ supplied NY and PA with fresh fruits and
vegetables
 Still happens today
 Farming
 Climate and rich soil
 9,000+ farms in NJ
 Most are small (9-50 acres)
 Southwestern Region: 40,000 acres of vegetable farms
 Southeastern Region: cranberries and blueberries
Natural Resources
 Farms
 Cows


Livestock Farms


Milk, butter, dairy products
Cows, pigs, and chickens
Horse Farms
Monmouth County
 Racing and riding

Other Resources
 Fishing
 Take tourists on trips
 Fish
Saltwater
 Flounder, tune, whiting, crabs
 Freshwater
 Trout, bass, catfish

Other Resources
 Mining
 Minerals found underground and other Earth’s surface
 Underground mines are now closed
 All mining is done on the surface
 Rock is mined and crushed to make:


Roads, bridges, and buildings
Hills and mountains are mined for:

Iron, copper, zinc and other hard minerals
Manufacturing
 Making good from natural resources
 Ex: making glass from sand
 New Jersey is a leading manufacturer of:
 Plastics, rubber, and machinery
 Chemicals, medicines, and printed materials (books and
magazines)