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Middle East is the
birthplace of three major
monotheistic world religions.
Judaism is the oldest surviving monotheistic
religion, arising in the eastern Mediterranean
about 4,000 years ago. Abraham is traditionally
considered to be the first Jew and to have
made a covenant with G-d in Canaan (known as
Palestine and Israel).
 Jews believe in one god and his prophets, with
special respect for Moses as the prophet to
whom G-d gave the law. Jewish law is embodied
in the Torah.
 Some traditional holidays are Rosh Hashanah,
Yom Kippur, Hanukah and Passover.
 Christianity
developed out of the
monotheistic tradition of Judaism;
Jesus, its founder. It began in the city
of Judea.
 The followers of Jesus wrote about his
life and teachings, which is in the New
Testament of the Bible, called the
 Some Christians celebrate Christmas,
Easter, Epiphany, and Lent.
 Most
people in the Middle East are
 Many governments in the Middle East
follow Islamic principles.
 Muhammad founded the religion in
Mecca, Arabia in 622 A.D. The
teachings of Muhammad are written in
the Koran/Quran.
 Muslims observe traditions such as
Ramadan, Mawlid Al Rasul, and Isra’