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Race to the Moon
Review for Lessons 1 - 4
To view space from Earth’s
perspective is called:
• Geocentric
Stars that do not move
relative to one another are
• Fixed Stars
Who invented the first
telescope for astronomical
• Galileo
What does NASA stand for:
• National Aeronautic Space
Compared to the summer,
shadows in the winter in the
Northern Hemisphere are
• longer
What is another name for our
North Star?
• Polaris
The sun is ____ times wider
in diameter than the Earth.
• 109
The term that refers to how
far away the Earth is from the
• Astronomical Unit (AU)
What did early civilization
believe was the center of the
Solar System?
• Earth
What did the Anazasi
• Calendar
The Earth’s orbit around
the sun takes….
• 365 ¼ days = 1 year
Why are there leap years?
• Every 4 years we need to account
for the ¼ day.
There are myths associated
with this grouping of stars….
• Constellations
Name one constellation and
give the myth associated
with it.
How can you find Polaris?
• Find the end of the basket of Big
Dipper and draw a line to the tip of
the handle of the Little Dipper.
How many Earth’s away
is the moon?
• 30
How much smaller is the
moon compared to the
• ¼ the size of Earth
How long does it take the
Earth to rotate?
• 24 hours, 1 day
What does Equinox
mean and when does it
• Equal amount of daylight and
What season would you have
the least amount of daylight
• winter
How long does it take the moon
to revolve around the Earth?
• 27.3 days (about 1 month)
Explain why the moon
appears to be the same size
as the Sun.
• It is 400x smaller, but 400x closer
The main reasons for the
seasons are:
• Tilt of Earth
• Amount of atmosphere with how the
rays hit Earth
Is the path of the sun an
ecliptical or an elliptical path
• Ecliptical
What season does the sun
appear higher in the sky?
• Summer
What is the “apparent”
path of the sun?
• Rise in the east, set in the west
When the sun is at it’s highest
point in the sky, we call it….
• Solar Noon
When it is summer in the NH,
it is ______ in the SH.
• Winter
What does the angle of
separation of the North Star
tell us?
• The latitude of the location where
we are
Good Luck on the Test