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Cardiovascular Diseases
How can you reduce your risk?
Write the letter of the word(s) in the space provide.
A. Cardiovascular disease
B. Angina pectoris C. Arteriosclerosis
D. Congestive
heart failure E. Coronary heart disease
F. Arrhythmia G. Pacemaker H Myocardial
I. Rheumatic heart disease J. Cerebrovascular accident K. Aneurysm
L. Cardiovascular disease risk factors
M. Premature heart attack
O. Saturated fats
P. Heart-healthy diet Q. Antihypertensives
R. Stress Management skills
______1. A condition that occurs when the heart’s pumping ability is below normal
capacity and fluid accumulates in the lungs and other areas of the body.
______2. A general term to describe several conditions that cause hardening and
thickening of the arteries.
______3. A heart condition in which the heart may beat very slowly or very fast for no
obvious reason.
______4. Characteristics of people and ways they might behave that increase the
possibility of cardiovascular disease.
______5. A heart attack that occurs before age 55 in males and age 65 in females.
______6. A device that is implanted in the heart to stimulate normal heart contractions.
______7. Drugs that lower hypertension or high blood pressure.
______8. A weakened area of a blood vessel.
______9. Chest pain that results from narrowed coronary arteries.
______10. A condition caused by a blocked or broken blood vessel in the brain.
Reviewing Health Content:
On the line to the left of the number, write the letter of the response that best completes
the statement.
______1. Angina pectoris
a. Is not a warning sign for a heart attack.
b. Is caused by plaque.
c. Is relieved by drugs that improve the heart’s pumping action.
d. Occurs because the heart is not getting an adequate amount of oxygen.
______2. Medical scientists believe that_________ contributes to plaque buildup.
a. High level of HDL’s in the blood.
b. A low-fat diet.
c. Smoking
d. Low blood pressure.
_______3. Coronary heart disease can cause
a. arrhythmia
b. a cerebrovascular accident
c. a myocardial infarction
d. all of the above
_______4. Prevention of rheumatic fever involves
a. maintaining healthful blood pressure
b. getting prompt treatment for strep throat
c. managing stress
d. participating in regular physical activity
_______5. A heart-healthy diet
a. includes foods that contain LDL’s
b. restricts meats, poultry, and fish
c. is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
d. includes a moderate amount of sugars, sweets, fats, oils, and salt
_______6. Cardiovascular risk factors that cannot be controlled include
a. age, gender, and race
b. blood pressure
c. blood cholesterol levels
d. all of the above
________7. Cardiovascular disease accounts for
a. almost half of all deaths in the United states
b. the disability of millions of people each year
c. all of the above
d. none of the above
________8. Smokers are about________ times more likely than nonsmokers to die from
coronary heart disease.
a. two
b. three
c. five
d. ten