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Transcript
8-1.2:
Compare the motives, activities, and accomplishments of the exploration of South Carolina and North
America by the Spanish, French, and English.
Settlement Timeline
•
1566 Spain attempts Ft San Felipe on the remains of __________________________
•
1576 Spain attempts Ft San Marcos on the remains ___________________________
•
1607 Jamestown, VA is the ________________________________ settlement in America
•
1619 ____________________ first arrive in America
•
1663 __________________________________ given to Lord Proprietors
Dark Ages: education was neglected, many people didn’t know how to read or write
The Renaissance:
•
A time of renewed interest in ___________________________________
•
Kings began to explore new lands
– To become richer and more powerful than others
European Renaissance
Reasons European Kings financed exploration:
 Planned to become richer and more powerful through ___________ and __________________.
 They financed explorers to find new _____________________ and __________________ to
claim
 From the land, they hoped to get ___________________________ which they could use or sell;
either way, they would get richer.
Exploration Competition:
_____________, ______________, and ______________ vied for a foothold in SC as part of the
competition for colonies that would enrich the mother country.
Spanish Exploration
Conquistadors (________________________________) Claimed large areas of Central & South
America
Initially searched for Gold (The 3 G’s) in _______________, _____, and the American Southwest
8-1.2:
Compare the motives, activities, and accomplishments of the exploration of South Carolina and North
America by the Spanish, French, and English.
3 G’s of Spanish Exploration:
1. Gold
2. God
3. Glory
Soon set up encomiendas (________________________) on which natives were put to work
Disease and overwork would ________________ the native population
Things that the Spanish brought or created in the New World…
 The Spanish brought in ______________________ to work the plantations and mines to
produce more wealth
 Built ________ & established __________________
 Brought their complex ___________________________________ &
________________________________
 Their ______________________ religion
Francisco Gordillo (Spanish)
•
Sent by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon to explore North America
•
1st to explore _________________________
•
His voyage gave _________ claim to SC
Giovanni da Verrazano (Italian –working for France)
•
1524 sighted land just north of ___________________________ (today)
•
His voyage gave ___________ claim to SC
Exploration and Colonies
Hernando de Soto (Spanish)
•
April 1540 led an expedition across the ___________________________
•
Entered Indian settlement ______________________
– Stayed 2 weeks
•
Moved towards present day _________________________
8-1.2:
Compare the motives, activities, and accomplishments of the exploration of South Carolina and North
America by the Spanish, French, and English.
•
Headed west & _________ in Mississippi River Area
– 1st _____________________ to see the interior of South Carolina
San Miguel de Gualdalpe (Spanish)
•
1st ___________________ attempted in SC by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon (Spanish)
 Located on the ______________________ River (Near present-day ___________________)
•
Settlers included some African slaves from Santo Domingo
 Settlement wiped out by a _______________, ____________________, and _____________
 San Miguel was abandoned
Spanish Settlements
Ft. San Felipe (Spanish)
 Built on the abandoned settlement of _______________________, again trying to establish a
foothold in SC
 This settlement survived for _____ years until it was attacked by _________ _____________
 Survivors fled to St. Augustine, Florida
– 1st ________________ European settlement in North America
Ft. San Marcos (Spanish)
o Attempted on same location as San Felipe
o Sent _________________ to convert natives to Catholicism
o Another ____________ settlement
French Exploration
 Searching for the _________________ Passage
 Sailed down the ________________________ and claimed the region for France.
 Established settlements at ______________ and ____________
 Frenchmen traveled along the rivers, including the Mississippi River, and claimed those
lands for France, naming it _________________ after their king.
Although relatively few Frenchmen settled in these cold climates, they brought their culture with
them.
8-1.2:
Compare the motives, activities, and accomplishments of the exploration of South Carolina and North
America by the Spanish, French, and English.
 French _________________ (Huguenots) were not allowed to immigrate to the _____________
so the French colony was Catholic
 French traders established good relations with the ____________ peoples
 Relied on the Natives for trade in furs.
Charlesfort (French)
 Jean Ribault led Huguenots to America in 1562
 Built a fort near present day ______________ (Parris Island)
 Named water ______________________
 Later abandoned
English Exploration
•
English explorers also sailed along the coast of North America, claiming these lands for the
______________________.
– They would later establish permanent settlements along the eastern coast naming
them _______________ and __________________.
•
Some settlers were attracted to these regions by the hope for the discovery of __________ &
_____________________________________.
•
Others were fleeing from religious __________________ in _____________ & founded
societies based on their shared religious values
•
All English settlers brought their culture, including their _________________,
______________________________, and ideas about ______________________, with them to
the New World.
Exploration and Colonies
Albemarle Point
•
Settlement founded by ____________
•
Became the 1st _________________ colony (_____________________) in SC
•
The location offered many advantages to the settlers because of its _____________________.
•
South Carolina became an _____________________ important colony for the ___________.