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8-1.2: Compare the motives, activities, and accomplishments of the exploration of South Carolina and North America by the Spanish, French, and English. Settlement Timeline • 1566 Spain attempts Ft San Felipe on the remains of __________________________ • 1576 Spain attempts Ft San Marcos on the remains ___________________________ • 1607 Jamestown, VA is the ________________________________ settlement in America • 1619 ____________________ first arrive in America • 1663 __________________________________ given to Lord Proprietors Dark Ages: education was neglected, many people didn’t know how to read or write The Renaissance: • A time of renewed interest in ___________________________________ • Kings began to explore new lands – To become richer and more powerful than others European Renaissance Reasons European Kings financed exploration: Planned to become richer and more powerful through ___________ and __________________. They financed explorers to find new _____________________ and __________________ to claim From the land, they hoped to get ___________________________ which they could use or sell; either way, they would get richer. Exploration Competition: _____________, ______________, and ______________ vied for a foothold in SC as part of the competition for colonies that would enrich the mother country. Spanish Exploration Conquistadors (________________________________) Claimed large areas of Central & South America Initially searched for Gold (The 3 G’s) in _______________, _____, and the American Southwest 8-1.2: Compare the motives, activities, and accomplishments of the exploration of South Carolina and North America by the Spanish, French, and English. 3 G’s of Spanish Exploration: 1. Gold 2. God 3. Glory Soon set up encomiendas (________________________) on which natives were put to work Disease and overwork would ________________ the native population Things that the Spanish brought or created in the New World… The Spanish brought in ______________________ to work the plantations and mines to produce more wealth Built ________ & established __________________ Brought their complex ___________________________________ & ________________________________ Their ______________________ religion Francisco Gordillo (Spanish) • Sent by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon to explore North America • 1st to explore _________________________ • His voyage gave _________ claim to SC Giovanni da Verrazano (Italian –working for France) • 1524 sighted land just north of ___________________________ (today) • His voyage gave ___________ claim to SC Exploration and Colonies Hernando de Soto (Spanish) • April 1540 led an expedition across the ___________________________ • Entered Indian settlement ______________________ – Stayed 2 weeks • Moved towards present day _________________________ 8-1.2: Compare the motives, activities, and accomplishments of the exploration of South Carolina and North America by the Spanish, French, and English. • Headed west & _________ in Mississippi River Area – 1st _____________________ to see the interior of South Carolina San Miguel de Gualdalpe (Spanish) • 1st ___________________ attempted in SC by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon (Spanish) Located on the ______________________ River (Near present-day ___________________) • Settlers included some African slaves from Santo Domingo Settlement wiped out by a _______________, ____________________, and _____________ San Miguel was abandoned Spanish Settlements Ft. San Felipe (Spanish) Built on the abandoned settlement of _______________________, again trying to establish a foothold in SC This settlement survived for _____ years until it was attacked by _________ _____________ Survivors fled to St. Augustine, Florida – 1st ________________ European settlement in North America Ft. San Marcos (Spanish) o Attempted on same location as San Felipe o Sent _________________ to convert natives to Catholicism o Another ____________ settlement French Exploration Searching for the _________________ Passage Sailed down the ________________________ and claimed the region for France. Established settlements at ______________ and ____________ Frenchmen traveled along the rivers, including the Mississippi River, and claimed those lands for France, naming it _________________ after their king. Although relatively few Frenchmen settled in these cold climates, they brought their culture with them. 8-1.2: Compare the motives, activities, and accomplishments of the exploration of South Carolina and North America by the Spanish, French, and English. French _________________ (Huguenots) were not allowed to immigrate to the _____________ so the French colony was Catholic French traders established good relations with the ____________ peoples Relied on the Natives for trade in furs. Charlesfort (French) Jean Ribault led Huguenots to America in 1562 Built a fort near present day ______________ (Parris Island) Named water ______________________ Later abandoned English Exploration • English explorers also sailed along the coast of North America, claiming these lands for the ______________________. – They would later establish permanent settlements along the eastern coast naming them _______________ and __________________. • Some settlers were attracted to these regions by the hope for the discovery of __________ & _____________________________________. • Others were fleeing from religious __________________ in _____________ & founded societies based on their shared religious values • All English settlers brought their culture, including their _________________, ______________________________, and ideas about ______________________, with them to the New World. Exploration and Colonies Albemarle Point • Settlement founded by ____________ • Became the 1st _________________ colony (_____________________) in SC • The location offered many advantages to the settlers because of its _____________________. • South Carolina became an _____________________ important colony for the ___________.