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Name________________________________________________________ Period_______________________ Chapter 10, Section 4 – The War of 1812 I. The War Begins 1. England tried to avoid another war with the United States because they were still fighting against the _____________________. 2. To avoid war with the Americans, they stopped interfering with American _____________. 3. The first phase of the war (1812 – 1814), ___________________ spent little time and resources fighting us because of the French. 4. The second phase of the war (April – December, 1814), England had defeated ________________, so they spent all their energies and resources fighting against the United States. 5. The United States only had 16 ships and __________________ soldiers when we declared war on England in the summer of 1812!!!! II. The First Phase of the War 1. The U.S. _______________ rose to the challenge against England and proved faster & more experienced. 2. The most important naval battle occurred on ___________________ in September of 1813, which involved naval officer, _______________________________. 3. A small fleet of British ships set out on Lake Erie to destroy the fleet of American ships stationed there. 4. Perry’s ship, the ______________________, flew a banner declaring, “Don’t give up the ship.” 5. In just over two hours, Perry’s ships were able to defeat the British in the ___________________________. 6. Perry relayed a message to William Henry Harrison saying, “We have met the enemy and they are ours!” 7. Harrison set out to attack the British after reading Perry’s message, but found they were no longer on ________________________. 8. The British had retreated to Canada, but Harrison still pursued and defeated them at the _______________ _______________________. 9. This victory put an end to the British threat to the Northwest and also claimed the life of _______________, who died in battle fighting for the British. III. The Second Phase of the War 1. After defeating ______________________ in 1814, England turned their full attention to the United States. 2. By August, they had burned down the _________________________ in Washington D.C. & attacked Fort McHenry in Baltimore. 3. _________________________________, a Washington lawyer, watched the British attack Fort McHenry all night long and wrote the U.S. national anthem after discovering the flag in the fort was still flying high in the morning (“Oh say can you see by the dawn’s early light”) 4. By September of 1814, British soldiers tried to cut off New England, but were defeated in the ___________ __________________________. 5. In the south, the British also tried to attack the port of __________________________ in January of 1815, but were mowed down by General Andrew Jackson’s men. 6. England lost 2,000 soldiers and we lost 71! 7. Slow mail had delayed news that the ____________________________, ending the war of 1812, had been signed in December. IV. The Legacy of the War 1. No clear winner was declared, but Andrew Jackson & Oliver Hazard Perry were considered _____________. 2. The _____________________________ resistance was crushed, and the U.S. was forced to make many of its own goods, thus increasing domestic manufacturing.