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NAME ___________________________
MOD _____
Ms. Pojer
World War II Conferences
Atlantic Conference (1941) ƒ
Casablanca Conference (1943) ƒ
Roosevelt & Churchill
Off the coast of Newfoundland
Decision --> sign the Atlantic Charter; provisions became
foundation of UN Charter
Provisions include:
- No territorial expansion.
- No territorial changes without consent of inhabitants.
- Se-determination of all peoples.
- Fee trade.
- Cooperation for the improvement of other nations.
- Disarming of all aggressors.
Roosevelt & Churchill
Casablanca, Morocco
Decision --> to accept nothing less than unconditional surrender
of the Axis powers.
Cairo Conference (1943) ƒ
Roosevelt, Churchill, & Chiang Kai-shek
Cairo, Egypt
Decision --> Korea to be independent at war’s end and Taiwan to
be returned to China from Japan.
Teheran Conference (1943) ƒ
Roosevelt, Churchill, & Stalin [“Big Three”]
Teheran, Iran
Decisions --> Agreement to open a second battle front in Europe.
Soviet agreement to enter war against Japan after
Germany is defeated.
Inconclusive discussion about demilitarization and
occupation of Germany.
Yalta Conference (1945) ƒ
Roosevelt, Churchill, & Stalin
Yalta in the Crimea [U. S. S. R.]
Decisions --> Germany to be disarmed & divided into 4 zones of
Veto power to be given to Big 5 nations at U. N.
Soviet Union to get 3 seats in UN General
In exchange for entering war against Japan 2-3
months after Germany surrenders, Soviets to
be given: So. Sakhalin Is., concessions in
Manchuria for ports, joint control of Manchuria
RR, and Central Kuril Is.
Eastern Polish borders to be set to the advantage
of the Soviets.
U. S. S. R. to pledge to hold free elections in
E. Europe.
War crimes trials to be held after the war.
Potsdam (1945) ƒ
Truman, Stalin, & Churchill / Attlee [Attlee replaced Churchill
during the Conference when Churchill’s Conservative Party lost
the British election].
Potsdam, Germany.
Decisions --> Potsdam Declaration. Provisions include:
- Unconditional surrender of Japan or fact prompt and utter
- Set up of a council to administer Germany/
- Set up of machinery to negotiate peace treaties.
- Transfer of German people out of Czechoslovakia, Hungary,
and Poland into Germany.
- Stalin’s announcement that there will be no elections in
Eastern Europe.
Interpreting Events:
1. How many conferences did Churchill attend? _______ Stalin? ______ Roosevelt? ______
How would this continuity have affected the conferences?
2. Explain how decisions made at the Atlantic and Yalta Conferences affected the structure and purpose of
the United Nations.
3. Why were concessions made to the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe and Asia?
4. How did the conferences, intended primarily to work toward ending World War II, also seek to prevent a
third world war?
5. What problems might have been anticipated as a result of the Yalta Conference decisions? Explain.