Download Infectious and Non-Infectious Diseases

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Pandemic wikipedia, lookup

Eradication of infectious diseases wikipedia, lookup

Chagas disease wikipedia, lookup

Schistosomiasis wikipedia, lookup

Leptospirosis wikipedia, lookup

African trypanosomiasis wikipedia, lookup

Visceral leishmaniasis wikipedia, lookup

Sexually transmitted infection wikipedia, lookup

Multiple sclerosis wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Infectious and NonInfectious Diseases
(What are they, how are they
caused, how are they treated
and how can we prevent
them)
Pathogens (infectious)
 Organisms that cause
disease
 Bacteria
 Viruses
 Fungi
 Protozoan
 Parasites
Bacteria vs. Viruses
 Simple, single celled
 Air, soil, food, and in
plants and animals
 Most are not disease
causing
 The ones that do,
enter cells and
damage them with
toxins
 Can be cured by
antibiotics
 Smallest
pathogens
 100x smaller than
bacteria
 Multiple when
living in cells
 Cannot be cured
by medicine, only
reduces the
symptoms
How are they spread?
 Contact with an infected person
 Contact with contaminated
object
 Contact with animal
 Contact with environment
sources
How does the body fight
them off?
 The immune system
 Phagocytes (white blood cells: eat up
foreign cells)
 Inflammation = the bodies response
 defenses Skin, sweat, hair, mucous membranes,
cilia,
Immune System: What is it
and How does it work?
 Lymphatic system
 Lymphocytes B and T cells (white
blood cells)
 Fights off infection
 Produce antibodies
 Vaccines (immunization schedule)
Stages of Diseases
 1. Incubation (entry to when you feel
sick)
 2. Prodomal (first symptoms)
 3. Acute (most severe)
 4. Recovery (start feeling better)
 5. Convalescence (end of sickness
and feeling better)
Treatment
 Over the counter medicine
 Reduce symptoms
 Medical Care
 Go to doctor
 Antibiotics (kill bacteria)
 No cure for viral infections
 Rest, well balanced diet, and plenty of
fluids
Prevention
 Eat a well-balanced diet
 8 hours of sleep
 Exercise
 Avoid stress
 Avoid tobacco, alcohol, and other
drugs
 Do not share toothbrush, cup, etc
 Wash hands!
 Check immunizations
Common diseases
 Cold
 Influenza
 Pneumonia
 Rubella
 Hepatitis
 Tuberculosis
 Mono (kissing disease)
STI’s
 Types:
 Parasitic, Bacterial, Viral
 Ex: Crabs, gonorrhea , Chlamydia, herpes, HPV,
etc.
 How they are transmitted
 Genital-genital contact
 Sexual contact
 Mother to baby
 Treatment- antibiotics, some no cure
 Prevention (healthy choices, contraception)
HIV/AIDS
 Transmission




blood to blood
Fluids
Mother to baby
Sexual contact
 Treatment- medicine
 Prevention
 Abstinence
 Condoms
Non-Infectious Disease
and disabilities
 Cardiovascular disease
 Cancer
 Diabetes/arthritis
 Disabilities
 Eating disorders
 Mental diseases
Cardiovascular Disease
 Types:
 High blood pressure
 Atherosclerosis
 Coronary artery disease
 Congestive heart failure
 Stroke
Preventing Cardiovascular
disease
 Do not smoke and if you do, quit.
 do not drink
 Exercise regularly
 Healthy diet and avoid obesity
 Control blood pressure
Uncontrollable Factors:
- age, family history, gender, race
Treating Cardiovascular
Disease
 Similar to prevention
 Surgery
 medication
Cancer
 Types of Cancer:
 skin, lung, oral, colon/rectal,
breast, reproductive,
leukemia/lymphoma, etc
 What causes cancer?
 Carciogens: being exposed to
cancer causing agents
Treating and Preventing
Cancer
 Prevention:





Avoid tobacco and alcohol
Protect yourself from the sun (spf)
Healthy diet and exercise
Avoid unnecessary x-rays and radiation
Regular check-ups
 Treatment:
 radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy
Diabetes (type I and type II)
 A disease in which the body’s ability
to use blood sugar (glucose-energy)
is impaired
 Insulin a hormone produced by the pancreas
that stimulates body cells to take up
and use blood sugar
Type I
 Insulin dependant
 More serious
 Produces little or no insulin
 Glucose levels remain high
 Appears during childhood
Type II
 Produce enough insulin, but their body cells do
not respond normally to insulin
 Occurs later in life
 Symptoms:
 Hard to heal infections, thirsty, frequent urination,
nausea, hunger, irritability, tired, itching, blurred
vision, and numbness in hands and feet.
 Causes:
 Family history, being overweight, and lack physical
activity
Disablities
 Physical
 Impaired sight, hearing or mobility
(cerebral palsy, spina bifida, cystic
fibrosis)
 Mental
 Downs syndrome, autism, aspergers
syndrome, learning disabilities,
emotional disabilities, ADD, ADHD,etc
Acceptance and awareness!!
Eating disorder
 Anorexia nervosa
 Deliberate self-starvation
 Bulimia nervosa
 Binge and purge
 Binge eating disorder
Mental disease
 Depression
 Schizophrenia
 Bipolar disorder
 insomnia
 Social phobias
 OCD