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Naval Science 2 Study Guide 1. Caught along the New England, Caribbean, and South African coasts are high-value lobsters. 2. What type of precipitation can be expected from stratus clouds? Drizzle 3. By the year 2000 The number of Navy ships and personal had fallen to around 300 ships and 370,000 people. 4. What American general was ordered out of the Philippines in March 1942 to take command of the defense of Australia? MacArthur 5. The ability of a nation to defend her own sea communications and to deny the enemy the use of the sea to carry on a war is called sea power. 6. Temperature in the stratosphere averages a fairly constant -40 degrees F to -50 degrees F 7. Leadership depends upon The job to be done. The followers. The leader. 8. The cadet who shows lack of self-importance, not being boastful about oneself is demonstrating _____________. Modesty 9. When the Bashaw of Tripoli refused to cooperate in the release of U.S. crewmen, Commodore Preble decided to use force. 10. In the summer, what zones are jet streams over? North of most of the main commercial air lanes 11. The Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands is administered and defended by the United States on behalf of the United Nations. 12. The U.S. Navy made its last direct contribution to the fight against Germany by transporting troops across the Rhine River in West Germany. 13. The first people known to use sea power were the sailors and traders of ancient. Crete. 14. The true beginning of the space age started with the launch of Sputnik I in : 1957 15. What tactic caused Allied shipping losses from U-boat attacks to decline after May 1917? The Convoy System 16. Chemistry is the study of Matter and how it changes under various conditions. 17. Major fisheries along the northeast coast of the United States and Canada yield abundant catches of cod, haddock, and ocean perch. 18. The science that deals with the motion of bodies moving through air and other gases is known as ___________. Aerodynamics 19. All of the below are a result of the British government's orders in council EXCEPT Britain was prohibited to trade in the West Indies. 20. Esteem needs consist of self-respect, status, and recognition by others. 21. One of the key navigation chokepoints in the world is in the Indian Ocean at the Strait of Malacca. 22. Select four correct leadership techniques. Getting cooperation, establishing discipline, giving orders, and commands 23. What are two of the weapons found to be effective in attacking the German U-boats in World War I? Depth charges and submarine chasers 24. The boundary of the magnetosphere is called the magnetopause. 25. Cloud sequences may occur________ miles in advance of the front itself. 1000 26. Water exists as a liquid between the temperatures of 32 and 212 degrees Fahrenheit 27. Which of the following motivating factors is considered most important? Feeling that one's work is meaningful 28. The amount of the force of gravity on a body at a given location is known as __________Weight 29. Power or energy exerted against a body in a given direction is known as: force. 30. What planet is called the "red" planet? Mars 31. The U. S. Congress declared war on England on 18 June 1812. 32. That part of the continent on which Ethiopia, Djibouti, and Somalia are located is known as the Horn of Africa. 33. The strategic entrance to the Mediterranean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean is through the Strait of Gibraltar. 34. Ohm's law maybe expressed as an equation I=E/R, where "E" represents: Voltage in volts. 35. Which of the following factors most significantly affect ship stability? Center of gravity and buoyancy 36. What Arms Treaty signed in January 1993 between the U.S. and Russia was called, "the broadest disarmament pact in history." START II 37. What are the objectives of the U.S. Naval Institute? To provide advanced professional training that pertains to the U. S. Navy and the navies of the world 38. The Japanese objective in Leyte Gulf was to destroy the Amphibious Task Force. 39. The cadet that shows through their actions that they are true, honest, correct, straight forward and trustworthy demonstrates ______________. Truthfulness 40. What aviation weather forecasts give conditions for landings and takeoffs at fields enroute? Terminal 41. High underwater plateaus with an abundance of marine vegetation are best for commercial fishing. 42. The complacency of the American public following victory in World War II can be attributed to a belief that the United Nations could solve whatever international problems might arise. the knowledge that the United States had a monopoly on the atomic bomb. a widespread desire by knowledgeable leaders to return to isolationism in foreign policy. 43. The Japanese headquarters in the Marshall Islands were at Truk. 44. In order to maintain high morale in a unit, the following must be present: Discipline and efficiency. 45. What layer within the ionspheric region shields the Earth from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the Sun? Chemosphere 46. In the years leading up to World War II the U.S. restricted the sale of oil and scrap metal to Japan. 47. The nature of a star can be best determined from its ____________. Spectrum 48. Operation Torch was the code word for the planned invasion of French North Africa. 49. Leaders can help to motivate subordinates by providing opportunities for each person to develop their personal talents. 50. The Moon is actually a poor reflector of light, with what percentage of light reflected? less than 15 percent 51. What military event in 1958 demonstrated that the Sixth Fleet was a force-in-being capable of decisive action? Lebanese operation 52. When did Congress finance the start of the Colonial Navy? 10/13/1775 53. During World War I, what was the main mission of the Channel Fleet? Keep the English Channel safe for passage of British troops and supplies to France. 54. _____ as well as liquids exert upward buoyant forces. Gases 55. From the U. S. military standpoint, the most important sea lanes are those between the United States, Western Europe, and the Middle East. 56. During the War of 1812, the U. S. Navy was clearly outnumbered by the Royal Navy. 57. Who led Maine backwoodsmen in the first American capture of a British ship? Jeremiah O'Brien 58. The Persian Gulf country that was the site of the largest military ground offensive since World War II in 1991 is Kuwait 59. What mission was the last U.S. lunar landing in 1972? Apollo 17 60. What happens to water as it freezes? It expands 61. The planet which can be seen as a bright early evening or morning star because of its orbit between the Earth and the Sun is Venus. 62. To whom did the Russians surrender(late in 1917) during World War I? Germany 63. What U.S. Destroyer had a large hole blown in her Port Side while in port at Yemen? USS Cole 64. During the years between World Wars I and II, pacifists urged the country to cut military spending. 65. The source of lightning in thunderhead clouds is static electricity. 66. A Thunderstorm develops in ______ stages. 3 67. _________ causes the spreading of radio waves behind obstructions. Diffraction 68. Halfway between the new and full moon, when the forces of the sun and moon are opposed, there is less difference between low and high tides. These tides are called neap tides 69. The Navy is called upon to help eliminate oil pollution in U.S. waters by working closely with the Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Coast Guard. 70. The Confederates had designed the CSS Virginia with one purpose in mind. What was their purpose? To break the Union's blockade 71. Which of the following statements best describe the main mission of the Galileo spacecraft launched in 1989? Investigate the atmosphere and composition of Jupiter. 72. Theodore Roosevelt led his regiment of cavalrymen into battle in 1898 in Cuba. These men were known as the Rough Riders. 73. What is the formula for changing degrees in Fahrenheit to degrees in Celsius? Celsius =5/9 [F-32] 74. Who was elected President in November 1952? Dwight Eisenhower 75. The means devised to keep U.S. carrier task forces and amphibious forces in operation far from established bases was the underway replenishment logistic support system. 76. What are the equatorial belt of light and variable converging winds called? Doldrums 77. The Vichy French forces of World War II were referred to as French forces aligned with the Axis powers. 78. Why did President Jefferson Davis use privateers during the Civil War? To weaken the Union's economic strength To capture Union commercial goods To destroy the Union's blockade 79. The Emancipation Proclamation of September 22, 1862, freed all slaves in the Confederate States as of January 1, 1863. In 1865 Congress added an amendment to the Constitution which ended slavery in the United States. What was that amendment? Thirteenth 80. In the southwestern part of the North Pacific, most tropical cyclones are born between The Marshall Islands and the Philippines 81. At new moon what is the alignment of the Earth, Moon, and Sun? The Moon is between the Earth and the Sun 82. America realized that in order to develop a strong, first-class Navy it had to build and control its ship building projects in shipyards throughout America. 83. The main eastern and Gulf Coast commercial shipyards that handle major shipbuilding programs for the U. S. Navy are located at Bath, Maine; Newport News, Virginia; and Quincy, Massachusetts. 84. The major oil-producing country in the world is Saudi Arabia. 85. Which of the following is a characteristic of the mature stage of the thunderstorm? Updrafts and downdrafts within the storm producing cloud 86. Today, the telescope and its fine cameras are usually operated by Computers 87. The most important commercial fishing operations in the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico are for shrimp, menhaden, and langusta. 88. A substance that has few free electrons is called An insulator. 89. Navy weather units are maintained with all major aviation units. fleet flagships. combatant and auxiliary vessels. 90. One of the easiest Allied conquests of the war was Morotai. 91. Which planet was discovered by astronomers trying to learn why Uranus did not always travel its regular orbit? Neptune 92. To whom did the Japanese make their initial “peace feelers?? to end the Pacific War? Soviet Union 93. Some smooth plains on the moon's surface are old craters filled with lava or volcanic ash are know as Maria 94. During the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor one U.S. battleship exploded after a bomb set off her ammunition magazines. That ship was the USS Arizona. 95. Why does a metal ship float? Buoyant force. 96. Each of the services must maintain their own weather agency. For the Navy, this is the mission of the Naval Meteorological and Oceanography Command 97. A freely falling body accelerates at the rate of. 32 feet per second/per second 98. The whirling fountains of hot gases that come out of the sun’s interior are called? Sunspots 99. What meteorological instrument(s) was/were developed in the 17th century? Barometers, Wind-measuring devices, and improved thermometers 100. Of the following, which was probably the most significant, contributing factor to the invasion, which started the Korean War? Slowness of American foreign policy to authorize adequate and timely training of a South Korean Army.