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Chapter 1 – Introducing Earth Study Guide
Define the four “spheres” of the Earth
system and provide an example of
Compare and contrast constructive and
destructive forces. Provide a real-life
example for each.
What is the difference between
continental and oceanic crust
(composition and thickness)?
What part (sphere) of Earth contains
most of Earth’s mass?
Material in the mantle rises because
heated material becomes (more / less)
Define density.
This part of the mantle is made of soft
rock that bends like plastic.
Compare and contrast the outer and
inner core.
Describe the two main types of
evidence scientists use to learn about
Earth’s interior.
Which layer of the Earth is thickest?
Which is thinnest?
Explain how Earth’s spheres interact
Describe how convection currents work
with one another. Provide an example.
inside the Earth.
Describe the three types of heat
transfer and provide an example for
If I were to drill a hole from here to the
center of the Earth, (in order) what
layers of the Earth would I go through?
Describe each layer.
This layer of the Earth contains Earth’s
plates and is made up of the crust and
upper mantle.
What do scientists believe causes
Earth’s magnetic field?
What is a system?
What happens in a system when
feedback occurs?
As you go deeper into the Earth,
temperature (increases / decreases)
and pressure (increases / decreases).
This more rigid layer of the mantle is
located beneath the asthenosphere and
includes the transition zone and lower
Chapter 1 – Introducing Earth Study Guide