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Transcript
Microsoft Virtual Academy
NEEDS
Central management of infrastructure resources
Operational costs are increasing
Better abstraction of diverse infrastructure into
something assignable pools of resources
Utilize both on premises and other resources to lower
capital costs
Deploy the underlying management architecture
CHALLENGES
How to easily deploy Compute, Storage, and
Networking resources
Decrease capital and operational costs of infrastructure
Use bigger, more capable servers and infrastructure
more effectively
Protect and use existing investments and infrastructure
while taking advantage of public cloud resources
Maintain separation of resources in multitenant
environments
6
* New in System Center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager
* New in System Center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager
* New in System Center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager





* New in System Center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager
•
•
•
Zone management
Zone member management
Zoneset management
•
•
Add capacity
Remove capacity
•
•
•
Storage node provisioning
File server cluster management
Storage pooling
•
•
Add capacity
Remove capacity
•
•
•
Model templates
Deploy services
Expose shared storage*
* New in System Center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager
• Bare metal deploy
Authorized
Hyper-V hosts
operating system
• Create scale out file
server cluster
• Create storage pools
Scale Out File Server Cluster
• Create file share
Physical or
virtualized
deployments
Windows
Virtualized
Storage
• Assign file share to
Hyper-V host
Storage Space
Storage Space
Storage Pool
Storage Pool
Physical
Storage
* New in System Center 2012 R2
Virtual Machine Manager
Storage Space
(Shared) SSD, SAS or
SATA
Tenants with overlapping IP Address
range share same physical network
Packets isolated using embedded
Subnet IDs
Host address and SubnetID uniquely
identifies individual VM
Blue sees
Orange sees
SQL Server
10.1.1.1
Supports guest clustering
10.1.1.2
SQL Server
Web
10.1.1.1
10.1.1.2
10.1.1.1
192.168.1.10
10.1.1.1
192.168.1.10
10.1.1.2
192.168.2.12
10.1.1.2
192.168.2.12
Underlying design
Policies enforced at host level using
PowerShell or System Center Virtual
Machine Manager
Supports L2 learning letting customers
bring their own DHCP server, have
locally assigned IP addresses for IPv6
and tenant control of IP address within
their VM
Web
192.168.n.n
PROVIDER ADDRESS SPACE (PA)
192.168.1.10
192.168.2.12
10.1.1.1
192.168.1.10
10.1.1.1
192.168.1.10
10.1.1.1
192.168.1.10
10.1.1.1
192.168.1.10
10.1.1.2
192.168.2.12
10.1.1.2
192.168.2.12
10.1.1.2
192.168.2.12
10.1.1.2
192.168.2.12
10.1.1.1
SQL Server
10.1.1.1
SQL Server
10.1.1.2
Web
CUSTOMER ADDRESS SPACE
10.1.1.2
Web
Benefits
Limitations
• Very mature and reliable
technology
• Universally adopted
• Well understood
• Limited VLAN capacity on each
switch and port (4095 max)
• Limited machine capacity on
each VLAN
• Limits migration of machines
• High management overhead
VLAN pairs used to provide isolation with small numbers of VLANs.
VMM 2012 SP1 only supports creation of isolated PVLAN VMs
Promiscuous
Primary
VLAN
Secondary
VLANs
Isolated
Community
Load balancer back end
and internet facing
Logical network
Address space defined by
Example
Corp
Corp IT
172.30.0.0/16
Internet
ICANN
65.55.57.0/24
Management
Datacenter Admin
10.0.0.0/24
Net. Virt. Provider
Datacenter Admin
10.0.1.0/24
Cluster/Storage/etc…
Datacenter Admin
10.0.2.0/24
Tenant N
Tenant
192.168.1.0/24
Benefits
• Virtual switch bypass for high
performance workloads
• You need bandwidth controls
• Physical adapters don’t support it
• Limited number of VMs that can use it
per host
• You lose the capabilities of the vSwitch
Port Profile Sets
Native
Switch
Settings
Native
Switch
Settings
Hyper-V host #1
Mgmt
Virtual Switch
Logical Switch
Switch settings
Port Profiles
(Virtual)
Mgmt
Corp
Clust.
Port
Profiles
(Uplink)
Hyper-V host #2
Mgmt
Virtual Switch
Non-compliant  Remediate
* New in System Center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager
* New in System Center 2012 R2 Virtual Machine Manager
Bridge Between VM Networks
& Physical Networks
•
Multi-tenant VPN gateway in Windows
Server 2012 R2 Preview
•
Integral multitenant edge gateway for
seamless connectivity
•
Guest clustering for high availability
•
BGP for dynamic routes update
•
Encapsulates & De-encapsulates
NVGRE packets
•
Multitenant aware NAT for
Internet access
Create Logical Network
Create Native Port Profile - Uplink
Create Logical Switch
Apply Logical Switch to Host
Create VM Networks
Teamed Adapters
Three basic patterns for configuration
Manage
1GbE
10GbE
10GbE each
10GbE each
Management
Cluster
1GbE
VMN
Manage
Live Migration
1GbE
VM1
Cluster
Storage
HBA/
10GbE
VMN
Storage
VM1
Converged with RDMA
Storage/LM/Cluster
Converged
Live Migration
Non-converged
RDMA 10GbE each
VM1
VMN
10GbE each
Contoso
VM Network
Northwind
VM Network
Fabrikam
VM Network
Internet
Hoster
BGP
Contoso
VM Network
Northwind
VM Network
Fabrikam
VM Network
Internet
Hoster