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The Rise of Islam
What is Islam?
•Mohammed
•“Submission”
•Muslim-”One who submits to God”
•Monotheistic
•Claims to be in the tradition of the great
Jewish and Christian figures:
•Abraham of Ur
•Moses
•Jesus
The Tenants of Islam
•The Qu’ran
•The Five Pillars
•“There is no God but Allah, and Mohammed is his Prophet.”
•Prayer
•Charity
•Fasting
•The Hajj
•Mecca
•Medina
•Expansion
•Caliphate
•Sharia
The Islamic Empires (Caliphates)
•Muhammed
•First Three Caliphates
•Umayyad Caliphate
•Abbasid Caliphate
•“Islamic Golden Age”
•Mongol invasion
•Seljuk Turks
•Ottoman Turks
Expansion under the Prophet Mohammad, 612-632
Expansion during the First three caliphs, 632-655
Expansion during the Umayyad Caliphate, 661-75
Islamic Culture
The Islamic Golden Age
750-1258
•Abbasid Caliphate
•Capital moved from Damascus to Baghdad
•Science
•Astronomy
•Optics
•Paper
•Medicine
•Surgery
•Hospitals
•Mathematics
•Algebra
•Arabic numerals
•Philosophy
•Averroes