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Transcript
Name: _____________________________________________________ Date: _______________ Class: _____
7.1 Secession and Civil War
Abraham Lincoln's victory in the
presidential election of November
1860 made South Carolina's secession
from the Union December 20 a
foregone conclusion. The state had
long been waiting for an event that
would unite the South against the
antislavery forces. By February 1,
1861, five more Southern states had
seceded. On February 8, the six states
signed a provisional constitution for
the Confederate States of America.
The remaining Southern states as yet
remained in the Union, although
Texas had begun to move on its
secession.
1. What state seceded from the Union
on December 20, 1860?
a. Alabama
b. North Carolina
c. South Carolina
d. Virginia
2. On
February
8,
1861,
six
secessionist states together formed
what new nation?
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
Less than a month later, March
4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln was sworn
in as president of the United States.
In his inaugural address, he declared
the Confederacy "legally void." His
speech closed with a plea for
restoration of the bonds of union, but
the South turned a deaf ear. On April
12, Confederate guns opened fire on
the federal garrison at Fort Sumter in
the Charleston, South Carolina,
harbor. A war had begun in which
more Americans would die than in any
other conflict before or since.
3. Who became president
United States in 1861?
a. Abraham Lincoln
b. Jefferson Davis
c. John Wilkes Booth
d. Ulysses S. Grant
of
the
4. The U.S. Civil War began on April
12, 1861, when the Confederates
fired on what fort, located in
Charleston harbor?
a. Fort Detroit
b. Fort Duquesne
c. Fort Meigs
d. Fort Sumter
In the seven states that had
seceded,
the
people
responded
positively to the Confederate action
and the leadership of Confederate
President Jefferson Davis. Both sides
now tensely awaited the action of the
slave states that thus far had
remained loyal. Virginia seceded on
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Name: _____________________________________________________ Date: _______________ Class: _____
April 17; Arkansas, Tennessee, and
North Carolina followed quickly.
___________________________________
___________________________________
5. Who served as president of the
Confederacy?
___________________________________
___________________________________
Each side entered the war with
high hopes for an early victory. In
material resources the North enjoyed
a decided advantage. Twenty-three
states with a population of 22 million
were arrayed against 11 states
inhabited by nine million, including
slaves. The industrial superiority of
the
North
exceeded
even
its
preponderance
in
population,
providing it with abundant facilities
for
manufacturing
arms
and
ammunition, clothing, and other
supplies. It had a greatly superior
railway network.
6. Which of the following states did
not join the Confederacy?
a. Arkansas
b. Ohio
c. Tennessee
d. South Carolina
No state left the Union with
greater reluctance than Virginia. Its
statesmen had a leading part in the
winning of the Revolution and the
framing of the Constitution, and it had
provided the nation with five
presidents.
With Virginia went
Colonel Robert E. Lee, who declined
the command of the Union Army out
of loyalty to his native state.
Between
the
enlarged
Confederacy and the free-soil North
lay the border slave states of
Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and
Missouri,
which,
despite
some
sympathy with the South, would
remain loyal to the Union.
7. Name the four border slaveholding
states that remained loyal to the
Union.
___________________________________
___________________________________
8. List three advantages of the North.
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
The South nonetheless had
certain
advantages.
The
most
important was geography; the South
was fighting a defensive war on its
own territory. It could establish its
independence simply by beating off
the Northern armies. The South also
had a stronger military tradition, and
possessed the more experienced
military leaders.
9. List three advantages of the South.
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
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