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Panama Canal Directions: Answer the text dependent questions as you read. The Monroe Doctrine and Roosevelt Corollary By 1823, the United States was the “boss” of the Western Hemisphere and issues a message to Europeans of keep out with the Monroe Doctrine. It stated that if another country, primarily European country were to attempt to interfere in the Americas, the U.S. would protect their interests. In 1904, President Theodore Roosevelt added to the Monroe Doctrine with his “Roosevelt Corollary”. This meant that the US had the right to intervene militarily, and economically in the affairs of Latin America. Latin America thought of it as Economic Imperialism Panama Canal America wanted to build a canal to connect its empire in Panama which was then a part of Columbia. Columbia refused to allow Americans to build the canal. America encouraged a rebellion by Panama and sent their navy to assist. Panama became its own country and US got its canal. Why a Canal? The idea of a canal connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean had been discussed for many years by the U.S. Such a canal would cut travel time for U.S. military and commercial ships. The United States saw this as an excellent business opportunity and would make the U.S. dominate in shipping in the Americas. How did the United States act towards European countries? What documents did the United States issue and for what purpose? What stood in the way of the United States building a canal in Panama? Why did the United States want a canal through Latin America? Panama Canal Directions: Answer the text dependent questions as you read. Panama The narrow strip of land in Panama was a logical place to build it. However, at this time Colombia owned the land and refused to sell it to the U.S. The U.S., led by President Theodore Roosevelt, was determined to get the land. U.S. Supported Rebellion The U.S. helped organize a Panamanian rebellion against Colombia. Theodore Roosevelt sent eleven U.S. warships to Panama. On November 3, 1903, Panama declared its independence from Colombia. Deal to Build Canal Just 15 days after winning their independence, Panama signed a deal allowing the U.S. to build the canal. 43,000 workers were employed to build the canal. More than 5,600 workers died from accidents and disease.. The canal officially opened for business on August 15, 1914. Why did the United States want to use Panama for a canal and what stood in the way? How did the United States respond to the refusal to sell the land for cheap? What challenges lay ahead for the construction of the canal? Was it ever finished?