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PE 102 – Weight Training
Strength Training Terminology
The following terms are used in all strength training programs and familiarity with these terms will help you to
understand the rest of the text.
Intensity
The amount of resistance (pounds) lifted during an exercise.
Volume
The total amount of resistance (pounds) lifted during an exercise session.
Repetition
The execution of an exercise from the starting position, through the full range of motion, and
returning to the starting position.
Set
A series of repetitions done in one sequence.
Frequency
The number of exercise sessions performed per week.
Recovery
Time
The rest period between successive sets of an exercise.
Strength
The amount of force generated by a muscle during contraction against a resistance.
Endurance
The ability of a muscle to perform repeated contractions (repetitions) against a submaximal
resistance.
Full Range
of Motion
The muscle is exercised through the entire joint motion as prescribed by the exercise.
Prime Mover
The primary muscle used in an exercise.
Types of
Resistance
Resistance is the amount of weight that is moved during a strength training exercise.
The primary types of resistance include weight machines (Nautilus, Universal, Cybex,
etc.) free weights (dumbbells and barbells), or the weight of the body (calisthenics).
Spotter
A training partner who assists the lifter in the proper and safe execution of difficult lifts.
Aerobic
Contractions in which the muscle has enough oxygen present to meet the demands of the
work being performed.
Anaerobic
Contractions in which the muscle does not have enough oxygen present to meet the demands
of the work being performed.