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AP World History Topics Correlation
World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 6/e, AP* Edition
The following chart is intended for use as a study aid. The numbered entries show one way to
break down into historical eras and overarching themes studied in AP World History courses.
The right column includes a detailed breakdown of chapters in your World Civilizations: The
Global Experience, AP* Edition textbook. This guide is useful with other editions of the
textbook, although some page or chapter numbers may have changed. You may want to use this
chart throughout the year for review. It is also an excellent resource in preparation for topics that
will be a part of the AP World History examination.
AP Topics
1. Foundations: c. 8000 B.C.E.–600 C.E.
a. Locating world history
i. Environment
ii. Time
iii. Diverse interpretations
b. Developing agriculture and technology
i. Types of early societies
ii. Emergence of agriculture and technology
iii. Nature of village settlements
iv. Impact of agriculture
v. Introduction of metal use
c. Basic features of early civilizations
i. Mesopotamia
ii. Egypt
iii. Indus valley civilization
iv. Shang dynasty
v. Mesoamerica and Andean South America
d. Classical civilizations
i. Major political developments
ii. Social and gender structures
iii. Major trading patterns
iv. Arts, sciences, and technology
e. Major belief systems
i. Polytheism
ii. Hinduism
iii. Judaism
iv. Confucianism
v. Daoism
vi. Buddhism
vii. Christianity
f. Late Classical period (200 C.E. to 600 C.E.)
i. Collapse of empires
ii. Movements of peoples
iii. Interregional networks by 600 C.E.
World Civilizations:
The Global Experience, 6/e
Chapters 1–5
pp. xvi–xxi
pp. 3, 11–14
pp. 2, 4–5, 11
pp. xxiv–xxv
pp. 2–33
pp. 2–16
pp. 12–33
pp. 12–33
pp. 12–33
pp. 12–33
pp. 17–33
pp. 19–21
pp. 21–22
pp. 22–23
pp. 23–25
pp. 110–111
pp. 34–129
pp. 34–129
pp. 34–129
pp. 34–129
pp. 34–129
p. 118
pp. 2–33
pp. 60–79
pp. 28, 121
pp. 38–59
pp. 38–59
pp. 60–79, 118–120
pp. 120–123, 204–218
pp. 104–129
pp. 112–118
pp. 104–118
pp. 108–109, 112–125
2. The Postclassical Era: 600 C.E.–1450
Chapters 6–15
a. Questions of periodization
i. Nature and causes of changes
ii. Emergence of new empires
iii. Continuities and breaks with the period
b. The Islamic world
i. The rise and role of Islam
ii. Islamic political structures
iii. Arts, sciences, and technologies
c. Interregional networks and contacts
i. Trade, technology, and cultural exchange
1. Trans-Sahara trade
2. Indian Ocean trade
3. Silk routes
ii. Missionary outreach of major religions
iii. Contacts between major religions
iv. Impact of Mongol empires
d. China’s internal and external expansion
i. Tang and Song economic revolutions
ii. Chinese influence on surrounding areas
iii. Arts, sciences, and technologies
e. Developments in Europe
i. Restructuring of European institutions
ii. The division of Christendom
f. Patterns in the Amerindian world
i. Maya
ii. Aztec
iii. Inca
g. Demographic and environmental changes
i. Impact of nomadic migrations
ii. Consequences of plague pandemics in 14th century
pp. 112–135
pp. 112–135
pp. 112–135
pp. 112–353
pp. 136–203
pp. 136–183
pp. 136–183, 194–197
pp. 136–161, 168–171,
pp. 130–135, 170–173,
180–181, 184, 187–
189,196, 214, 224,
257, 290–293, 305,
311–312, 314–316,
325, 347
pp. 144–353
pp. 130–135, 184–195
pp. 130–135, 162–163,
180–181, 195–197,
336–340, 345–346
pp. 130–135, 278–279,
pp. 130–135, 162–189,
205–214, 220–222
pp. 130–135, 162–189,
207–208, 228–230,
271–277, 290–313
pp. 314–335
pp. 266–313, 336–340
pp. 266–289
pp. 282–340
pp. 266–340
pp. 204–243, 336–346
pp. 204–243, 336–346
pp. 244–265
pp. 244–265, 346–347
pp. 245–248, 254,
pp. 245–254, 258–261,
pp. 254–261, 346–347
pp. 104–114, 198–199,
220–228, 252,
278–280, 340–353
pp. 104–114, 137–147,
195–196, 217–218,
244–248, 290,
307–311, 314–335,
pp. 220–225, 321, 333,
iii. Growth and role of cities
pp. 155–159, 180–181,
191–195, 200–207,
225–226, 244–248,
255–257, 266–269,
278–280, 293–295
3. The Interaction of World Cultures: 1450–1750
a. Questions of periodization
i. Continuities and breaks
b. Changes in trade, technology, and global interactions
i. The Columbian Exchange
ii. Impact of guns
iii. Changes in shipbuilding
iv. New navigational devices
c. Major empires, other political units, and social systems
i. Ottoman
ii. China
iii. Portugal
iv. Spain
v. Russia
vi. France
vii. England
viii. Tokugawa
ix. Mughal
x. Benin
xi. Songhay
xii. Oyo
xiii. Kongo
d. Gender and empire
e. Slave systems and slave trade
f. Demographic and environmental changes
g. Cultural and intellectual developments
i. Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
ii. Causes and impacts of cultural change
Chapters 16–22
pp. 354–359
pp. 354–359, 518–519
pp. 354–379
pp. 354–379
pp. 354–379
pp. 354–379
pp. 354–379
pp. 354–519
pp. 354–360, 368,
pp. 354–360, 368–370,
376–377, 494–515
pp. 354–364, 416–443,
pp. 354–364, 416–443,
pp. 354–360, 368–370,
pp. 354–379, 380–399
pp. 354–379, 380–399
pp. 354–360, 494,
pp. 354–360, 368–371,
376–377, 468–469,
pp. 354–360, 369, 375,
pp. 354–360, 369, 375,
pp. 354–360, 369, 375,
pp. 354–360, 369, 375,
pp. 358, 375, 395, 436,
482–490, 506
pp. 354–360, 369, 377,
410–411, 416–467,
472–473, 499
pp. 367, 382, 389,
396–398, 411–412,
416–467, 506–507
pp. 380–399, 510–515
pp. 389–391, 394–396
pp. 394–396, 401–410,
416–479, 490–502,
iii. Changes and continuities in Confucianism
iv. Major developments in the arts
4. Western Global Hegemony: 1750–1914
a. Questions of periodization
i. Continuities and breaks
b. Global commerce, communications, and technology
i. Changes in world trade
ii. Industrial Revolution
c. Demographic and environmental changes
d. Changes in social and gender structure
e. Political revolutions and independence movements
i. Latin American independence movements
ii. Revolutions
iii. Rise of nationalism and nation-states
iv. Overlaps between nations and empires
v. Rise of democracy and its limitations
f. Rise of Western dominance
i. Patterns of expansion
ii. Imperialism and Colonialism
iii. Cultural and political reactions
iv. Impact of European ideologies in the colonies
g. Patterns of cultural interactions among societies
5. The 20th Century in World History: 1914–Present
a. Questions of Periodization
i. Continuities and breaks
b. The World Wars, the Holocaust, nuclear weaponry, and
the cold war
c. International organizations and their impact
d. New patterns of nationalism
e. Impact of major global economic developments
i. Great Depression
ii. Technology
iii. Pacific Rim
iv. Multinational corporations
f. New forces of revolution and other political innovations
pp. 503–515
pp. 381–383, 391, 431
456, 463, 473–475,
481–482, 484–490,
Chapters 23–27
pp. 520–524
pp. 520–524
pp. 520–549, 582–584,
593–597, 610–612,
pp. 550–573, 598,
pp. 520–549, 626–649
pp. 520–529, 567–579,
pp. 520–549, 556–566,
579, 587–592,
pp. 520–534, 574–601,
613–621, 633–640
pp. 574–601
pp. 521–531, 575–576,
584–587, 613–625
pp. 536–537, 574–582,
pp. 602–625
pp. 527–539, 575–582,
595–597, 635–640
pp. 520–579, 598,
602–613, 641
pp. 550–573
pp. 550–573, 618–619
pp. 554–579, 595–613,
618–625, 637–649
pp. 557–560, 598–600
pp. 556–557, 590–591
Chapters 28–36
pp. 650–657
pp. 650–657,
pp. 658–685, 724–781
pp. 755–762, 816, 842,
874–875, 890–892
pp. 671–692, 708–720,
739–753, 770–781,
804–829, 871–874
pp. 718–719, 882–903
pp. 705–723
pp. 882–885
pp. 713–715, 830–859
pp. 886–888
pp. 693–704, 782–793,
g. Social reform and social revolution
h. Globalization of science, technology, and culture
i. Global cultures and regional reactions
ii. Elite, popular culture and art
iii. Patterns of resistance
iv. Demographic and environmental changes
pp. 756–767, 793–803,
pp. 768–770, 882–903
pp. 888–890
pp. 716, 768–770, 787,
800–801, 813
pp. 892–893
pp. 894–903
The worksheets and activities contained in this section are designed for use throughout the
course. Filling out these charts will help students analyze content and provide them with concise
resources for studying people, events, and concepts in the AP World History course.
Leader Analysis
This chart is used to record important specific information about leaders in political, economic,
and social fields.
Peoples Analysis
This chart helps students record details about groups, societies, and civilizations. It also asks
them to analyze the impact these peoples had on history.
Conflict Analysis
This chart helps students organize and analyze conflicts of all types. It is useful for finite wars,
but it can be especially useful to help them sort out long-term social and ideological conflicts.
Change Analysis
Filling out this chart will help students become aware of continuities and changes within one
society over a period of time. Through the recording of important events over a time period,
students will start thinking about the causes and effects of change and continuity.
Societal Comparisons
This chart facilitates comparisons between contemporaneous societies.
Document Analysis
This chart asks students to record important information about a document and summarize its
main ideas. Students describe the setting in which the document was created and analyze it in the
context of its time period.
Dialectical Journal
The purpose of this activity is to get students to slow down and process information while they
read. It encourages them to think about what they read instead of merely recording facts.
Inner/Outer Circle
This is a discussion technique that can be graded. It puts the responsibility of carrying on a
meaningful discussion on the students' shoulders. Teachers assign a reading (primary or
secondary sources, including the textbook) and tell the students to write higher order thinking
questions on the materials. Students return to class with their questions and take turns being in
either the inner or outer circle. The students in the inner circle discuss the questions they have
written. The teacher selects a facilitator to keep the discussion going and to encourage students
who have not spoken. The teacher also determines how many times each student is expected to
participate in the discussion. Students in the outer circle take notes on the inner circle’s
discussion. They follow the discussion and actively listen, recording in general what has been
said. When the time allotted for discussion is half over, students switch roles.
Leader Analysis Sheet
Name of leader:
Years in power:
Political, social, and economic conditions prior to leader gaining power:
Ideology, motivation, goals:
Significant actions and events during term of power:
Short-term effects:
Long-term effects:
Peoples Analysis Sheet
Name of group:
Time period:
Important neighbors:
Impact on neighbors:
Conflict Analysis Sheet
Name of conflict:
Time period:
Type of conflict:
Underlying causes:
Immediate cause(s):
Turning points/important events:
Ending event(s):
End result:
Short-term effects:
Long-term effects:
Change Analysis Sheet
Time period:
Significant events during time period:
Characteristics at the beginning
of the time period:
Characteristics at the end
of the time period:
Women’s status
Causes and impact of changes:
Societal Comparison Sheet
Time period:
Significant events during time period:
Society One:
Society Two:
Characteristics of Society One:
Characteristics of Society Two:
Women’s status
Explanation of similarities and differences:
Document Analysis Sheet
Source (name and type):
Time period:
Political, social, economic characteristics at time written:
Point of view:
Important content:
Evidence of bias:
Assessment of validity:
The Dialectical Journal
Complete this double-entry journal while reading. In the left column, paraphrase an idea
that is important or interesting. Include the page number so others can locate the passage.
In the right column write your response to the concept or fact in the left column, by
analyzing its importance.
paraphrase and page number
Inner/Outer Circle
Soon we will have an inner/outer circle discussion in class. You will be graded on your
discussion, and you will need to prepare for it. Here are the expectations for the
Discussion Expectations:
1. Be prepared. Read the texts for depth of understanding. Think about your reading.
Take care to write questions that are worth discussing and can be answered by the
text. Write down answers to your questions.
2. Raise your hand and wait to be called upon. Do not raise your hand until the student
currently speaking is finished.
3. Look at the other students--not your desk--when talking.
4. Do not engage in side conversations in either circle.
5. Take notes with your head up when you are in the outer circle.
6. Positive points: contribute relevant facts, analysis, interpretation, evaluation; add new
information--don't just restate someone else's comment.
7. Negative points: not paying attention, interrupting, irrelevant comments, attacking
other speakers, monopolizing the conversations
To prepare for the discussion, you will write questions based on the assigned readings.
You need to write questions that are at high levels of thinking. This chart of thinking
levels will help you make sure your questions require thought and discussion.
Bloom's Taxonomy
1. Knowledge
arrange, define, duplicate, label, list, memorize, name, order,
recognize, relate, recall, repeat, reproduce, state
Name the . . . ., identify facts
2. Comprehension classify, describe, discuss, explain, express, identify, indicate,
locate, recognize, report, restate, review, select, translate
Explain what happened, tell what is meant, give reasons
3. Application
apply, choose, demonstrate, dramatize, employ, illustrate, interpret,
operate, practice, schedule, sketch, solve, use, write
Use the author's thesis, classify new information
4. Analysis
analyze, appraise, calculate, categorize, compare, contrast,
criticize, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, examine,
experiment, question, test
Answer why, make conclusions, differentiate facts from opinions,
find supporting evidence
5. Synthesis
arrange, assemble, collect, compose, construct, create, design,
develop, formulate, manage, organize, plan, prepare, propose, set
up, write
Combine elements to make a new product/pattern, create solutions
6. Evaluation
appraise, argue, assess, attach, choose, compare, defend, estimate,
judge, predict, rate, core, select, support, value, evaluate
Compare theses, evaluate ideas, assess actions
Reading selection:
There are three types of essays all students must complete on the AP World History exam:
Document Based Question (DBQ) that asks students to read and analyze a set of documents and
then write an essay about them. Students will practice this skill throughout the course using the
“Document Analysis” worksheet. Documents may not always be written texts. A map, graph,
chart, table, or visual image may also provide useful evidence. Students need to practice
analyzing individual texts or other data. There are worksheets on both map and graph analysis to
help students develop a system for analyzing these types of evidence. The Document Analysis
Worksheet can be used to analyze a photo by answering the questions with the photo in mind and
broadly interpreting the word “document.” If students need more specific practice analyzing
documents, the teacher can help them by creating a scaffolding assignment with questions that
apply to a specific document.
In addition to analyzing individual evidence, students also need to consider a set of
documents as a whole unit, combining knowledge gleaned from individual documents to create
an overall picture. They need to look at the whole group and see how the documents can relate to
each other. They need to be able to think of logical groups for the documents, and they need to
be able to determine viewpoints or important data that are not represented in the set, thus possibly
depriving them of a complete picture of the topic addressed in the Document Based Essay.
Change Over Time (COT) essay asks students to deal with broad changes in one or more regions
of the world over at least one of the course’s periods. To prepare students for the Change Over
Time essay, have them practice by completing Change Analysis worksheets regularly. Ask them
to examine and analyze changes in one or more societies over a period of time. Remind them of
the world history themes and ask them to think broadly and in terms of how people’s approaches
to these topics evolved. What caused the evolution, and what is the impact of the change?
Comparative essay asks students to compare two or more societies on a set of issues. The
Societal Comparison Sheet assignments will get students used to looking at parallel
characteristics in several different societies. They will assess the level of similarity and
difference among the societies, looking for breaks and continuities. They will also evaluate
causes and effects of the differences and similarities, thinking in terms of world history themes.
In addition to the specialized tasks for each specific kind of essay question, students also
need to be able to use a set of skills that generally fall under the category of “good history
writing.” Historical essays require students to:
Develop a thesis that answers all parts of the question. If the essay does not complete all tasks
required by the prompt, it will not receive as good a score as those that do. Therefore, students
need to practice identifying the tasks of the question and making sure their thesis addresses all
tasks. The thesis should define a student’s position on the question’s topic and point to the details
the student plans to address. Providing a “road map” in the thesis can help students stay on track
with their essays as they hurry to present all their points in a short period of time. Furthermore,
students should keep referring back to their thesis throughout the essay. In other words, the
essay’s evidence should be directly tied to the thesis and should offer further proof of the thesis.
Support the thesis with historical evidence. The historical evidence should be specific
information that demonstrates the accuracy of the thesis. It is not enough to simply write down
some specific historical information. The student must also take the next step and explain how
the evidence supports the thesis, rather than leaving the reader to make the connection.
Meet standards of good writing practices and use an appropriate style. In timed writing,
students have to demonstrate analytical writing skills in a short period of time with little
opportunity to plan or revise. They should devote their writing time to constructing an original
and thoughtful thesis and then supporting it. Because of these “guerilla” conditions, students
should minimize the time they spend developing an introduction. They should also make sure
that their essay can stand without an elaborate conclusion because they simply may not have time
to construct one. Additionally, they should write about the past in past tense, use active voice,
not use personal pronouns, avoid rhetorical questions, and strive for correct spelling and
grammar. While none of these “shoulds” are absolute rules, they are good guidelines, and
students should have clear reasons in mind if they disregard them.
The “Developing a Thesis and Planning an Essay” worksheet will help students write
theses that state a position and answer the prompt. Also, it will ask them to identify and rank
their specific historical evidence according to its strength.
Managing the Grading
If students are assigned the number of papers they need to practice their writing skills, teachers
run the risk of continually floundering in a sea of essays to grade. There are ways to keep
students writing while maintaining your sanity.
First, students don’t always have to write a complete essay. Having them complete the
“Developing a Thesis and Planning an Essay” worksheets requires them to go through the most
difficult part of essay writing, the thinking and planning, without producing a complete essay for
teachers to grade. Additionally, the worksheet makes it easy for teachers to quickly find and
evaluate the thesis and then see how the evidence supports the thesis. The entire class, a small
group, or an individual can complete this activity. It can be class work designed to put students
through the process with nothing being turned in. It can be used as a quiz to be completed by
individuals or small groups. It can be homework to be collected and graded. After students have
completed several of these exercises with “low stakes” grades attached, they can then choose
worksheets that they would like to develop into a complete essay. In this way, students have
practiced planning many essays, but have not produced an unmanageable amount of complete
works for their teacher to grade. Once students are comfortable with the process, the teacher can
then give students in-class essays to practice the timed-writing elements using topics that are new
to the students. While the teacher works on grading those essays, students can continue to
practice the process.
Students can practice generating theses and proof in a “history journal” environment.
The first few minutes of class can be given to the students writing a quick response to a simple:
“To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement” prompt that the teacher
has written on the board. (i.e. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following
statement: “The western European Renaissance was not a distinct period in history. It was,
instead, a logical continuation of trends from the Late Middle Ages.”) After the students have
had a few minutes to quickly write their responses, they can read their writing to a peer partner
and receive immediate feedback. Again, these short, timed writings can be kept in a journal or
they can be turned in as a quiz over writing skills or the content of assigned texts.
Keep in mind that practice essay topics do not need to come exclusively from the world
region or time period being currently studied. The AP exam is cumulative, and students need to
remember that they are responsible for retaining information throughout the entire course.
Developing a Thesis and Planning an Essay
What are the distinct tasks the prompt requires?
What general topics are you going to address in this essay? Write down the geographic
regions, historical periods, and themes you will discuss. Note any particular terms you
will need to define in your essay.
Write a simple statement of your answer to the prompt:
What specific historical evidence leads you to your conclusion?
Item one:
How it supports your answer:
Item two:
How it supports your answer:
Item three:
How it supports your answer:
Item four:
How it supports your answer:
 Rank your evidence by strength. Put your strongest evidence first and finish with
your weakest. That way, if you run out of time, you will be missing only the
weakest parts of your essay. Now that you’ve analyzed your evidence, revise
your position, if necessary.
 Rewrite your thesis into a formal statement that addresses all issues raised in the
prompt, states your position, and provides an indication of where you will go with
your essay, including some reference to your planned historical evidence. It is
okay for your thesis to be several sentences, or a short, themed paragraph, if you
cannot fit all of that into one sentence.
 List the order in which you will present your historical proof.
Now you have created the skeleton for your essay. You have a strong thesis and a plan
for supporting it. All you have to do is add the transitions, connect the bones of your
skeleton, and flesh it out with elaboration to make a great essay.
Analyzing a Map
There are certain steps you should routinely follow when attempting to gather
information from a map.
1. What is the title of the map?
2. What area does the map cover?
3. What time period does the map describe?
4. What specific places are marked on the map?
Why do you think they are
5. Are there any insets (smaller maps that show a specific portion of the map as a
whole)? What do they show? Is the map in a series? What is the series trying to
Look at the key:
6. What areas are shaded? What does the shading signify? What are the different
colors? What does each color signify?
7. What symbols are used? What do they mean? Where are they located?
8. Summarize in 1-3 sentences the information that the map conveys.
Analyzing a Graph
1. What is the title of the graph?
2. What information is depicted on each axis?
3. What are the increments of measurement on each axis? Are there any breaks
designed to demonstrate a break in the scale or a compression of data?
4. What do the lines or bars on the graph represent?
5. How do the lines or bars relate to each other?
6. Summarize in 1-3 sentences the information the graph conveys.
Scaffolding Example for Instructors: Analysis questions for
“A European Assessment of the Virtues and Vice of the Mongols”
(page 424 in the textbook)
1. Who wrote this passage? Don’t just state the author’s name. Describe who he
2. When was the document written? For what audience? For what purpose?
3. What were the political, economic, and social conditions during which the
document was written?
4. What qualities does the author admire in the Mongols?
3. What qualities does the author criticize?
4. What is the tone of Piano Carpini’s commentary on the Mongols?
5. What biases might the author have against the Mongols? What could be a cause
of these biases?
8. What might the Mongols say about Piano Carpini’s criticisms?
AP* Connections: Additional Questions Divided by Eras
Foundations, ca. 8000 B.C.E–600 C.E.
To what extent did the characteristics of human populations change from ca. 8000 B.C.E
to ca. 600 B.C.E? (Consider size, location, and manner of accumulating food and shelter.)
What changes (planned or unplanned) did humans make to the natural environment
resulting from the advent of agriculture and urban civilizations in this era?
How did the natural environments of two of the following river civilizations influence
developments in technology, cultural achievements, and religious beliefs?
i. Mesopotamian societies, Indus River valley civilizations, Chinese, MesoAmerican/Andean societies
Analyze the reasons for the increasingly-wide trade networks in either the Eastern or
Western hemispheres in the period from ca. 8000 B.C.E.–600 C.E.
Assess and account for the changes and continuities in how humans organized their
societies across the period from ca. 8000 B.C.E to ca. 600 B.C.E.
a. Use at least two of the following analytic categories: class systems, gender
b. systems, governmental systems, labor systems, nomadic vs. settled societies.
Postclassical Era, 600-1450
Explain the spread of science and technology across Eurasia due to the existence of Dar
Compare the political institutions of two of the following empires: Tang-Song, Dar alIslam, Western Europe, Byzantine Empire.
In what ways did the Mongols contribute to the continued trends of cross-cultural
interactions in Eurasia, and in what ways did they cause discontinuities in those trends?
In what ways did the societies of sub-Saharan Africa and Europe interact with Islamic
societies in this period?
Compare the causes of the spread of three of the following religions: Christianity,
Judaism, Buddhism, Islam, Confucianism, Hinduism.
Compare the technological and scientific achievements in two of the following societies:
Classical China, Classical Rome, Classical India, Classical Africa. Include information
about their level of technological development, the use of technology, and the societal
attitude toward innovation.
Compare the effects of three of the nomadic migrations of the following on the settled
societies into which they migrated: Aztecs, Mongols, Turks, Vikings, Bantu.
Evaluate the role that the conversion to the Islamic faith had on the politics, economy,
and society of the West African kingdoms.
To what extent was the Indian Ocean region a coherent, connected “whole” in the postclassical era? Consider political, economic, social, and cultural examples.
How did the consolidation of political empires in the post-classical empires affect the
status of women? Choose two of the following to analyze: Tang – Song; Aztec; Mali
and Songhay, Dar al-Islam, Mongol Khanates.
Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of being a part of a tributary empire for (1)
Japan, Korea, and Vietnam under the Chinese; (2) Russia under the Tartars; and (3)
peoples of Central America under the Aztecs.
Assess the accomplishments of the institution of the Roman Catholic Church in Western
Europe in reintegrating Western Europe into the Eastern hemisphere region in this period.
For one of the following civilizations, assess the impact of important political, economic,
and social changes and continuities as it moved from the river-civilization period through
the classical and post classical period: China, Indian, Mediterranean, Persian.
The Interaction of World Cultures, 1450–1750
Compare the labor systems in two of the following areas: Latin America, Russia,
Ottoman Empire, Western Europe.
Discuss the significance of the so-called Gunpowder Empires for international politics of
this period.
Analyze the relationship of governmental/political structures to the acquisition of
What factors led to the creation of the first global economic network in the late 15 th
Analyze the influence or importance of Islamic culture on the European Renaissance.
(Consider economic, cultural, and technological topics.)
What was the relationship of the Reformation with European political, economic, and
social developments in the 16th-17th centuries?
Analyze the confluence of economic, social, and technological circumstances that led to
the use of “unfree labor” in North and South America by the Europeans in this era.
Why was sugar so profitable and why were sugar plantations so profitable for the
Europeans in this period?
Compare the ways in which the Mongol khanates ruled and assimilated into Chinese,
Persian, and Russian societies.
Analyze the economic, cultural, and political relationships between settled/sedentary
peoples and nomads in two regions: Viking, Hungarian, Mongol, Aztec/Mexica, Bantu.
Compare the expansion of Russia with the expansion of the Ottoman Empire, the
Western European empires, and the Chinese empires in the 16-18th centuries. Pay
particular attention to the politics of inclusion/exclusion of various ethnic groups.
Compare European and Japanese feudal systems as social and political organizations.
Compare the economic, political, and cultural roles of cities in three of the following
empires/regions: Inca, Byzantine, Chinese, Mali.
Describe the role of women within the social and political structures in two of the
following regions, and assess the degree of change (or continuity) in women’s status in
the post-classical period.
“Although there were many similarities between Sub-Saharan Africa and Western Europe
around the year 1200 C.E., by 1450 C.E.they were less similar due to differences in trade
problems, exposure to technological diffusion, and seafaring conditions.” Assess the
validity of this statement by describing the changes each region experienced during this
time period.
Analyze the impact of Islam on both China and Western Europe during this period.
Compare the two dominant civilizations of the Americas: the Aztecs and the Incas.
Consider political, social, economic, and cultural features.
Compare Islam and Confucianism in the following areas: acceptance of social and
political protest; status and condition of women; and tolerance for other beliefs within
their society
Assess the impact of the Columbian Exchange by describing two of the following regions
before and after 1492: the Americas, Asia, Europe, Africa.
Assess the degree of change that occurred in Africa after the first wave of European
contact in the 15th and early 16th centuries.
To what degree did Chinese society change during the Ming dynasty? (Be sure to
include pieces of analysis from the beginning/middle/end of the dynasty.)
Describe the key similarities and difference between China’s Zheng He expeditions
(1405-1423) with those of Western Europe in the late 15th and early 16th centuries.
Compare the European Renaissance works with Mughal artistic achievements.
Explain the role of the Chinese, Indian, and Islamic cultures in laying the foundations for
European maritime explorations in the 15th century.
Western Global Hegemony, 1750-1914
Compare two of the following colonial independence movements in terms of inspirations,
goals, and counter-revolutionaries: Haitian, North America, South America, French.
Analyze the reasons why England and the Western Europeans were able to create
industrial economies and the Chinese were not.
Discuss the economic and social effects of an early industrial economy on the lower
classes of society: rural workers and urban workers. Be sure to include gender
distinctions in your response.
Explain the economic relationship between the British colonial empire and the financing
of the Industrial Revolution.
Compare the early attempts to create an industrial economy in three of the following:
England, U.S., Japan, Russia, China, Egypt. (Consider political, economic, social, and
religious categories in your analysis.)
Compare Russia’s interactions with the West with the interaction of one of the following
other empires with the West: Ottoman Empire, China, Tokagawa, Mughal India.
Compare the reasons (economic, political, social, cultural) for European countries
acquiring colonies in the mid- to late 19th century.
How did the 19th century European/Western idea of nationalism influence both ideas
about imperialism and ideas about gender relations?
How did whether one was a settler or a non-settler colony affect the political, social, and
cultural relations between colonized and colonizers?
Describe the political, social, and economic changes brought to sub-Saharan Africa
during the period of the new imperialism (19th century).
Assess and explain the amount of change in women’s roles in two of these societies
during the period of 1750-1914: Western European, Ottoman Empire, China, India, SubSaharan Africa, Latin America.
To what extent did the definition of “democracy” change from 1750 to 1914? Compare
the colonization and development of the US with colonization and development in one of
the following areas: Australia, Canada, New Zealand.
Compare the development of modernizing and nationalist movements in the Ottoman
Empire and China in this period.
Analyze the interplay or interconnection of industrialization, imperialism, and global
conflict in Western Europe and Africa in this period.
The 20th Century in World History, 1914 to the Present
To what extent did the two world wars end European global dominance?
To what extent did the creation of the League of Nations, United Nations, the Pan-Arab
League, and the Non-Aligned Nations affect the patterns of global interactions in the 20th
Assess the political, economic, and social consequences of the world wars on two of the
following: Russia, East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa.
Assess the effects of rapidly changing demographic and environmental trends in the 20th
century on two of the following regions: Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, India,
Discuss the extent to which the impacts of the globalization of science, technology, and
culture have led to a unification of the global community in the 20th century.
To what extent is genocide a phenomenon of the 20th /21st century?
Discuss the extent to which global economic developments of the 20th century have
benefited two of the following regions: the Americas, the Middle East, India.
Discuss the extent to which local opposition to the forces of globalization have succeeded
in the second half of the 20th century.
To what extent did the definition of “democracy” change from 1914 to the present? (or
from 1750 to the present?)
Discuss the extent to which two of the following movements succeeded in their quests to
change the status quo in the 20th century: feminism, peasant protests, international
Marxism, religious conservatives.
Identify and explain the important changes and continuities in the Russian empire from
1914 to the present.
Compare the social, economic, and political changes and continuities of Western Europe
and Japan in the 20th century.
Compare the political, economic, and social causes and effects of two of the following
revolutions: Russian, Cuban, Mexican, Chinese, Iranian.
Compare the effects of two the following revolutions on women’s roles, status, and
rights: Russian, Cuban, Mexican, Chinese, Iranian.
To what extent are the categories of “First, Second, and Third World” useful terms for
analyzing economic, political, and social developments in the 20th century?
Compare the patterns of the post-war decolonizations in Africa and Asia.
Compare the legacies of the post-war end of colonization or neocolonialism in Africa,
Asia, and Latin America.
Assess the advantages and disadvantages of high-tech warfare and guerrilla warfare in the
20th century. Use three specific conflicts as examples.
To what extent did post-war art and culture diverge into new and different directions
(different from the pre-war era) in two of the following regions: Europe, Soviet Union,
U.S., Middle East.