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Transcript
```Flipping Physics Lecture Notes:
AP Physics 1: Equations to Memorize
®
AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved
in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.
Let me be clear about what I mean by “memorize”: I mean you should have the equation memorized, know what
it means and know when you can use it. This is a lot more than just being able to write down the equation.
The following equations are not on the Equation Sheet provided by the AP College Board for the AP Physics 1 exam:
•
!
!
distance ! Δx ! Δv
speed =
;v =
;a=
time
Δt
Δt
Please make sure you understand the differences between vectors and scalars, please.♥
o
•
Δx =
)
This is another Uniformly Accelerated Motion (UAM) equation you should know.
o
•
(
1
v + v i Δt
2 f
Fg = mg sin θ & Fg = mg cos θ
⊥
!
When an object is on an incline, we often need to sum the forces in the parallel and
o
perpendicular directions, which necessitates resolving the force of gravity into its components in
the parallel and perpendicular directions.
Note: theta in this equation is the incline angle.
o
•
Equations having to do with Mechanical Energy:
ME i = ME f : Conservation of Mechanical Energy can be used when there is no work done by
o
the force of friction or the force applied.
•
o
Wf = ΔME : Can be used when there is no work done by the force applied.
o
Wnet = ΔKE : Is always true.
P=
ΔE W Fd cos θ
=
=
= Fv cos θ
Δt Δt
Δt
This is useful because you have power in terms of velocity.
o
•
!
!
∑p =∑p
i
o
f
Conservation of linear momentum is valid when the net force acting on the system is zero,
which is true during all collisions and explosions.
•
!
!
! Δθ
! Δω
ω=
&α =
Δt
Δt
o
♥
Angular velocity and angular acceleration were, sadly, left off the equation sheet.
0117 Lecture Notes - AP Physics 1 Equations to Memorize.docx
page 1 of 2
•
ω f 2 = ω i 2 + 2αΔθ & Δθ =
(
)
1
ω + ω i Δt
2 f
These two Uniformly Angularly Accelerated Motion (UαM) equations were also, sadly, left off
o
the equation sheet.
•
!
!
v t = rω
The tangential velocity of an object.
o
•
•
•
v cm = Rω
o
The velocity of the center of mass of an object rolling without slipping.
o
The equation for the centripetal force acting on an object to keep it moving in a circle.
!
!
∑ Fin = mac
I = ∑ mi ri 2
i
•
o
The moment of inertia or “rotational mass” of a system of particles.
o
Conservation of Angular Momentum, valid when the net external torque acting on the system is
!
!
∑ Li =∑ Lf
zero.
•
ΔV =
o
•
=0
The beat frequency heard due to the interference of two similar single frequency sounds.
q = ne
o
•
external
fbeat = f1 − f2
o
•
!
∑τ
The net change on an object equals the number of excess charges times the elementary charge.
ΔPE electrical
q
The electric potential difference equals the change in electrical potential energy divided by charge.
P = I ΔV is the only equation for electric power on the equation sheet.
ΔV = IR ⇒ I =
ΔV
ΔV
⇒R=
we can find two more.
R
I
o
However, using
o
⎛ ΔV ⎞
ΔV 2
P = I ΔV = I IR = I R = ⎜
R=
R
⎝ R ⎟⎠
o
ΔV 2
P = I ΔV = I R =
(This is what you should memorize for electric power.)
R
( )
2
2
2
0117 Lecture Notes - AP Physics 1 Equations to Memorize.docx
page 2 of 2
```
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