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8.2 Roman Gods
Do Now: Review 8.1 (so map/venn diagram
out)
HW Preview: Gods & Planets Worksheet &
Myth
Jupiter Pantomime
Notes: Roman Polytheism (on Venn Diagram)
Roman Gods & Planets
Religion in Rome
• Culture is heavily influenced by Cultural
Diffusion
• Many of the Roman ideas came
directly from Greece, including their
Gods
• But Rome didn’t completely drop their
existing religious rituals, they just
blended the new with the old – i.e. if
one of their gods was similar to a
Greek god, they blended them
ROMAN RELIGIOUS
PRATICES
•
Wanted to please the gods because they believed the gods
could control their daily lives
•
•
•
•
•
Built temples and shrines offering food and sacrifices
Leave offerings for favors (i.e. here’s a biscut cause I broke
my leg)
Holidays to honor gods
Emperors sometimes honored as gods
Welcomed other religions as long as they didn’t encourage
disloyalty to the emperor
• Reminds me of… Could have come
from…
Why was Rome so
Easily Persuaded by
other religious
beliefs?
• Romans focused less on using myths to
explain phenomena (the reason the
Greeks had so many gods to begin
with), but were more concerned with
rituals to obtain power.
Gods of Rome and
Greece
Responsibility
Greece
Rome
Ares
Mars
God of Travel
Hermes
Mercury
God of Beauty
Aphrodite
Venus
King of Gods
Zeus
Jupiter
God of Time
Kronos
Saturn
God of Heaven
Uranus
Caelus *not
worshipped
Poseidon
Neptune
Hades
Pluto
God of War
God of Sea
God of Underworld
Why the Names?
• Mercury
• revolves quickly
• Venus
• brightest most beautiful planet
• Mars
• red as the blood from war
Why the Names?
• Jupiter
• largest planet “King of Planets”
• Neptune
• blue color named after god of Sea
• Pluto
• so far away it gets little sunlight
Solar System