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Anxiety Disorders
a group of conditions where the
primary symptoms are anxiety or
defenses against anxiety.
the patient fears something
awful will happen to them.
Are anxiety disorders a non-psychotic or a
psychotic disorders?
What is anxiety?
• is a state of
uncertainty, or
• Some symptoms
include: poor
upset stomach,
Anxiety Disorders
• Anxiety becomes a disorder when the
symptoms become chronic and interfere
with our daily lives and our ability to
• The symptoms are severe and upsetting
enough to make the individual feel
extremely uncomfortable, out of control
and helpless.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
• The first sign is chronic irrational
anxiety and worry that can’t be turned
off. The symptoms occur more days
than not for
at least six months.
The focus of the anxiety is not directed to
any one thing . Physical symptoms will also be
present such as: muscle tension.
Panic Disorder
• An anxiety disorder marked by a
minutes-long episode of intense dread in
which a person experiences terror and
accompanying chest pain, choking and
other frightening sensations.
• Anticipatory anxiety – people
fear having another attack when
in the same situation.
Can cause secondary disorders, such as
Phobic Disorders
• A person experiences sudden
episodes of intense dread.
Phobic disorders
• Marked and persistent fear that is
excessive or unreasonable cued by the
presence or anticipation of a specific
object or situation.
• Exposure to the phobic stimulus provokes
an immediate anxiety response.
• The phobic situation(s) are avoided or
endured with intense anxiety or distress.
The Phobia
List Link
Social phobia
Average age of onset is 13.
Two types:
- performance – anxiety generated by
performing in front of other people.
- interactional – anxiety generated by
having to meet and interact with new
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
• An anxiety disorder characterized
by unwanted repetitive thoughts
(obsessions) and/or actions
Common Examples of OCD
Common Obsessions:
Common Compulsions:
Contamination fears of germs, dirt, etc.
Imagining having harmed self or others
Imagining losing control of aggressive
Intrusive sexual thoughts or urges
Excessive religious or moral doubt
Forbidden thoughts
A need to have things "just so"
Hoarding or saving
A need to tell, ask, confess
Explanations for Anxiety
• You Learn them through
•Physiology (the brain)
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Triggered by trauma
More than 7 million diagnosed a year
More women than men
Symptoms usually begin within 3 months
of event, but can begin years later and
include persistent frightening thoughts and
memories of their ordeal.