Download SMART Chapter 2.5.notebook

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Renewable resource wikipedia , lookup

Allometry wikipedia , lookup

Ecological fitting wikipedia , lookup

Ecological economics wikipedia , lookup

Lake ecosystem wikipedia , lookup

Ecology wikipedia , lookup

Theoretical ecology wikipedia , lookup

Food web wikipedia , lookup

SMART Chapter 2.5.notebook
May 08, 2012
Ecological Pyramids
Ecologists use three different types of ecological pyramids to illustrate ecosystems:
Pyramid of energy: represents how much energy is available in each trophic level
­ usually only about 10% of energy is passed on to next level.
(limits # of trophic levels – energy runs out)
­ rest is used by organisms
for movement, reproduction
or lost as heat
Ecological Pyramids – cont.
Pyramid of biomass: represents the total mass of living things in each trophic level
­ Usually standard pyramid shape
­ Aquatic systems often inverted (small mass of producers, but they reproduce very rapidly)
kg falcon
kg duck
kg moss & algae
Ecological Pyramids – cont.
Pyramid of numbers: represents the actual number of organisms present in each trophic level
­ shape depends on physical size of producers