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Monotheism in Ancient Rome
Haley Duffie
• Monotheism is the belief in the existence of
one God or in the oneness of God.
Symbols of Monotheism
• These are some symbols of monotheism and
some of these symbols are very important to
know and understand
The belief
• Monotheism is the central belief in Judaism.
The Jewish idea of God is that God is One and
Indivisible. We cannot divide God up into
separate parts, where each part of God is
Unequal to each of the other parts, but
somehow they are one and the same. The
Hebrew Scriptures describes God as an
absolute One, but the Christian's New
Testament describes the Christian idea of God
as divisible into three parts called a trinity
• Mono" means "one." Hindus believe in many
gods, thus Hinduism is "poly" (meaning "more
than one") theism. As I alluded, Christianity
may be regarded also as a polytheistic religion
disguised as monotheism.
• The belief that there has always been an invisible
man and he magically created the world and two
people and these two people turned into billions
of people and the invisible man threatened all the
people with an eternity of torture unless they
showered him with praise.
Invisible man
• The invisible man also built many things in his
honor and the invisible man wrote a book
through a ghost writer but the people change
the book regularly so it means what they want
it to mean. All this happened because the man
was bored one day
Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and
• The word monotheism comes from the Greek monos,
which means one, and theos, which means god. Thus,
monotheism is a belief in the existence of a single god.
Monotheism is usually contrasted with polytheism,
which is the belief in many gods, and atheism, which is
the absence of any belief in gods.
• Because monotheism is founded upon the idea that
there is only one god, it is common for believers to also
think that this god created all of reality and is totally
self-sufficient, without any dependency upon any other
being. This is what we find in the largest monotheistic
religious systems: Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and
Non believers
• Most monotheistic systems tend to be exclusive
in nature - what this means is that they don't
simply believe in and worship a single god, but
they also deny the existence of the gods of any
other religious faiths. Occasionally we can find a
monotheistic religion treating other alleged gods
as merely being aspects or incarnations of their
one, supreme god; this, however, is relatively
infrequent and occurs more during a transition
between polytheism and monotheism when the
older gods need to be explained away
• Theists believe that reality's ultimate principle is God—an
omnipotent, omniscient, goodness that is the creative
ground of everything other than itself. Monotheism is the
view that there is only one such God. After a brief
discussion of monotheism's historical origins, this entry
looks at the five most influential attempts to establish
God's uniqueness. We will consider arguments from God's
simplicity, from his perfection, from his sovereignty, from
his omnipotence, and from his demand for total devotion.
The entry concludes by examining three major theistic
traditions which contain strands which might seem at odds
with their commitment to monotheism—the Jewish
Kabbalistic tradition, Christianity, and Shri Vaishnavism
• It is thus quite in accordance with the accredited
results of physical science to maintain that the first
man, created by God, was keen of mind as well as
sound of body, and that, through Divine instruction, he
began life with right notions of God and of his moral
and religious duties. This does not necessarily mean
that his conception of God was scientifically and
philosophically profound. Here it is that scholars are
wide of the mark when they argue that Monotheism is
a conception that implies a philosophic grasp and
training of mind absolutely impossible to primitive
Monotheism vs. Polytheism
• Monotheism. Born through revelation and Critical Thinking.
Abraham and Zoroaster the two fathers of Modern
Monotheism. Zoroastrianism and the three Abrahamic
Faiths, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Both men
questioned the possibility of their being many gods, which
was common in their time. Through their own Spiritual
Journeys, and inner meditation,concluded that there is only
One God.
Polytheism. A very ancient belief system that holds a belief
in more then One God. Based greatly on Philosophy, and
Mythology. the Most Predominate of them being Hinduism.
• A religion (from the Latin word religio, meaning bond, obligation) is a
collective adherence to a general reality model, most often centered on
one or more deities, most often governed by elaborate codes of conduct.
Since religion is observed everywhere and from very early civilizations, it is
generally seen as a natural phenomenon and an integral part of the
human essence.
Although some modern religions were engineered for obvious political
reasons, most ancient ones apparently stem from another integral human
aspect: the rather rare ability to sense a certain order behind seeming
chaos and to perceive invisible forces at work in the world. Many of these
once worshipped forces have been identified and defined by science and
are now generally accepted to exist and to indeed rule our world.
Lightning and electricity for instance; wind and the motion of seas; the
most intricate but singular biosphere. And so on.