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Life in Athens and Sparta
Essential Question
 How are Athens and Sparta alike?
 How are they different?
Map of Ancient Greece
City-State Intro
 Both Athens and Sparta were located in Greece about
150 miles a part
 Power city-states that became bitter rivals
 City-States were very different from one another
Geography (Athens)
City-State near the Aegean Sea (4 miles away)
Surrounded by walls
Busy Port to trade with other civilizations.
Grew large and powerful through trade
Traded and communicated with neighboring city-states
and areas on the Mediterranean
Geography (Sparta)
 Located on the plains of Peloponnesus (between
 Large area of fertile soil
 No walls surrounding the city-state
 Very isolated from other Greek city-states
Athenian Government
 Became a democracy around 500 B.C.E.
 Athens allowed only free men to become citizens (All
men over the age of 18 who were born in Athens)
 Council of 500 met everyday (ran the day to day
business of the government and suggested new laws)
 Assembly met on a hill every 10 days (At least 6000
citizens had to be present) to approve laws
 Most men liked to gather and take part in the
Spartan Government
 Type of Government: Oligarchy
 Council of Elders consisted of 2 kings and 28 other
 Members of the council elected by the Assembly
 Had to be 60 years of age and be from a noble family.
 Served for life (Any position in our government?)
 Council of Elders had all the power (veto power and
proposed laws)
Based on Trade
-Acquired wood from Italy
-Grain from Egypt
Exported honey, olive oil,
silver, and pottery
Farming and conquering
other regions
Didn’t have enough land to
feed their own people
Agora – marketplace
Helots- slaves who were
Developed its own coins to
make trading easier
Use of Iron Rods as money
Athens currency
Spartan Currency
Education in Athens and Sparta
 Democracy depended on
having good citizens who
were well education
 Taught at home (until 6-7)
 Went to school (6-14)
 Reading, Writing,
Arithmetic and Literature
 Military training at 18
 Girls grew up learning
how to cook, clean, spin
thread and weave.
 Education was to produce
men and women who
could protect their citystate
 Military training boys and
girls (wrestling, boxing,
footracing, and
 Age of 20: Fitness,
military and leadership
 A man couldn’t live at
home until 30
What was the difference between
Athens and Spartan Women and
-Women had very little rights
-Could not own property
-Spent their days managing the
-Educated children at home
-Couldn’t choose their husbands
-Most people in Athens owned at
least one slave
-Captured in War
-Slaves worked in farms or
-Silver Mining was the worst (10
hour days in a cramped tunnel
300 feet below
-Women were expected to be
strong and ready to fight
-Women could own and control
their own property
-Free to speak with anyone
-Slaves (Helots) were people
conquered by Sparta
-Treated harshly for fear of revolt
at first
-Could marry whomever and pass
their name on to their children