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Access Prior Knowledge
1. What happens in the air sacs and the capillaries that surround
2. Name the parts of the respiratory system.
Review previous outlines and write one question to ask
Digestive System
The digestive system breaks down the food
into very small materials so that the food can
enter your cells.
Your digestive system is made up of many
organs that work together to help digest food.
Mouth and Esophagus
The first step in digestion is chewing the food
which is done with your teeth.
Saliva also helps breaking down food in your
mouth by using chemicals in the liquid.
When you swallow the food it enters your
esophagus and the muscles there push and
squeeze the food into the stomach through this
Stomach and Intestines
Walls of the stomach can stretch to store food and the stomach
produces fluids that help in digestion.
The stomach squeezes the food into the small intestines where it
receives chemicals from the two organs, the pancreas and liver, which
help in digestion.
The walls of the small intestine are lined with structures called villi,
which are shaped like fingers to provide more surface area to absorb
When digestion is finished, the particles of digested food move into
the blood vessels in the small intestines.
The food that is not digested moves into the large intestine where it
takes water and salts from the waste to make it solid.
Urinary System
The urinary system removes waste from your
blood through two organs called the kidneys.
The kidneys clean the blood, regulate the level of
salt in the blood and control the level of water in
the blood.
The urinary bladder stores a mix of wastes and
water (urine), until it is ready to leave the body.
1. What is the job of the digestive system?
2. List two functions your teeth do in the first part of the digestive process.
3. Name the structure of the small intestine that shaped to provide more
surface area to absorb food.
4. How do the kidneys regulate the amount of water in the blood?
5. Where do the mixture of water and waste get stored before leaving your