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Chapter 5, Section 4 The War of 1812 Part 1 p. 201-205 Although the War of 1812 does not completely resolve British-American disputes, many Americans consider the war a victory. 5.4 SECTION FOCUS QUESTION: What were the causes and effects of the War of 1812? Neutrality no longer working • First presidents worked hard to avoid war: 1. Washington – Jay’s Treaty & advice: avoid war 2. Adams – treaty with Napoleon 3. Jefferson – Embargo Act • England still disrespects U.S.: – Impressments – Still arming Native Americans in NW Tecumseh’s Dream Destroyed • Resists American encroachment • Builds confederation of Native American tribes • Battle of Tippecanoe increases hostilities – Prophetstown rebuilt • Joins with British – Helps take Ft. Detroit – Refuses offer to become General in British Army • Killed in 1813 at the Battle of the Thames The Move Toward War • 1809 – Madison 4th President – England still arming Native Americans & impressing U.S. sailors “WAR HAWKS” • nationalism grows in America – pride in one’s country • Henry Clay of Kentucky & John Calhoun of South Carolina = leaders of the war hawks – those eager for war with Britain Henry Clay “Won’t go away” • June 1812 - Congress declares WAR on England! • New England strongly opposes war. Why? – It would hurt trade. John C. Calhoun “States Rights!” 1812 DEBATE: War or Peace • HAWKS – reasons to • DOVES – how war declare war: • Explain what U.S. would gain by waging war with England. would harm U.S.: • Explain why fighting England would be a bad idea.