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Commercial VS. Organic farming
BW 11/14- Grocery Store Wars
• Commercial Agriculture
Term used to describe large scale farming and ranching
operations that employ vast land bases, large mechanized
equipment, factory-type labor forces, and the latest
- roots are in colonial agriculture
- today, global production made possible by advances
in transportation and food storage
World Map of Agriculture
Cash Crop and Plantation Agriculture
Cotton and Rubber
Luxury Crops
Commercial Livestock, Fruit, and Grain Agriculture
Subsistence Agriculture
Mediterranean Agriculture
Illegal Drugs
Agribusiness & the Changing Geography of
• Commercialization of Crop Production
With the development of new agricultural technologies, the
production of agriculture has changed.
- eg. Poultry industry in the US
production is now concentrated
farming is turning into manufacturing
Example: the Meatrix
Environmental Impacts
• The growing demand for protein-rich foods and more
efficient technologies are leading to overfishing.
• Industrialization and commercialization have led to the
destruction of the landscape: soil erosion , presence of
chemicals in the soil and groundwater
• Growing food has become more about manufacturing
food instead of farming
Organic Agriculture
• Organic Agriculture –
The production of crops without the use of synthetic or
industrially produced pesticides and fertilizers or the raising of
livestock without hormones, antibiotics, and synthetic feeds.
- sales of organic foods on the rise
- grown everywhere
- demand in wealthier countries
Organic Agriculture
Loss of Productive Farmland