Download Political Geography Day 3 - nationalism

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 Take out your homework
 Shapes of States assignment (worked on in class)
 Territorial Morphology Homework
 Rewrite the following statement in layman's terms
(more simplified language):
The propupted feature of Namibia's territorial morphology is
due to superimposed boundaries created by two of the former
imperialistic, colonial powers that controlled land in this
The Geography of Nationalism
Defining Nationalism
 Historic Definition
 A desire by a large group of people to form a separate country
with a government that represents them or rejoin a country
that it had been separated from
 Modern Definition
 A group of people being loyal and showing love for their
country, often with a feeling of supremacy
Semi-synonymous with Patriotism
 Love and loyalty felt towards ones own country
 Different from nationalism as it is more inclusive of
people living inside the state
Patriotism Explained
Problems of Nationalism: Multinational States
 Country with multiple
nationalities contained
within its borders
Can lead to cultural
convergence and the
creation of a hybrid
Can result in conflict
Can you think of others?
Problems of Nationalism: Stateless Nation
 A large group of people
from a particular ethnic
group in a territory that
is without a sovereign
state of its own
Minority ethnic group in
multiple states
Often leading to
persecution and
Can you think of others?
Case Study: Kurdistan
 Ethnic Kurds scattered throughout Western Asia
 Especially in Turkey, Iraq, and Iran
 Persecuted throughout history by hosts
add notes as data shows up in the videos
Problems of Nationalism: Stateless- Nation
 Forming new states
 Often at the expense of pre-established states
 Often results in the relocation and displacement of current
Case Study: Israel
 Jewish peoples scattered
over thousands of years
of history
Often facing brutal
 Jewish state formed in
Zionist movement:
Encouraged the movement
of Jews back to their
historic homeland
Created heavy tension
with residing Palestinians
Case Study: Palestine
 Creation of Israel
immediately displaced
700,000 people
 At current Palestinians
only occupy Gaza and
West Bank
Leading to major conflict
between Israel,
Palestinians, and Arab
Case Study: Palestine
Map of countries that support creation of Palestine.
Effects of Nationalism: Devolution
 Transfer or delegation of power to a lower level,
especially by central government to local or regional
Case Study: Scotland Act of 1998
 Effectively established a
Scottish Parliament and
government to handle
most of the affairs of
Still a member of the
United Kingdom but
provided more autonomy
Supported by 74% of
Scottish voters
Effects of Nationalism: Separatist Movements
 The desire of a group of people to break away from
existing government and create a new state
 Main reasons for movements
Cultural differences
Governmental differences
Military differences
Ethnic/racial conflict
Economic differences
 Often spark counter-Nationalist movements
Separatist Movements of Europe
Case Study: Kosovo
 Kosovo is mostly ethnic
Albanians, not Serbs
Predominately Sunni
Muslim, not Orthodox
Christians like Serbs
 Could set precedent in
area that would allow for
redrawing lines of nearby
Case Study: Quebec
 Many cultural
differences between
Quebec and “English
 Referendum for
separation in 1995 barely
failed 50.58% of Quebec
voted against separation
Case Study on Quebec
Case Study: The Ukraine
 Devolution Web Quest
 go to the APHG Files page of my website
 locate the "Devolution Web Quest" Assignment and download
 You will completing the following three activities to learn
about devolution in the United Kingdom
Create a map of the countries and capitals that make up the state
of the United Kingdom
 Analyze an article from the BBC about devolution
 Watch a video about the Scottish Independence Referendum of
 DUE: Wednesday, Dec. 9