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14.1 Habitat And Niche
Every organism has a habitat and a niche.
14.1 Habitat And Niche
A habitat differs from a niche.
• A habitat is all aspects of the area in which an organism
– biotic factors
– abiotic factors
• An ecological niche
includes all of the
factors that a
species needs to
survive, stay healthy,
and reproduce.
– food
– abiotic conditions
– behavior
14.1 Habitat And Niche
Resource availability gives structure to a community.
• Species can share habitats and resources.
• Competition occurs when two species use resources in the
same way.
• Competitive exclusion keeps two species from occupying
the same niche.
14.1 Habitat And Niche
• Resource availability gives structure to a community.
• Competitive exclusion has different outcomes.
– One species is better suited to the niche and the other
will either be pushed out or become extinct.
– The niche will be divided.
– The two species will further diverge.
14.1 Habitat And Niche
• Ecological equivalents are species that occupy similar
niches but live in different geographical regions.
South America