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Transcript
MINING LECTURE

First, go to the class website, and click on the
“Mining” tab on the left hand side.
Mining removes rocks and minerals
that contain useful metals from the
Earth’s crust.
Image: G. Plumlee, USGS
Metals-2-1
How are metals useful?

Click on the link that says “ Common
Minerals in our Environment” on MyHaiku to
explore some of the uses of metals.
Many mines are large surface
excavations.
Image: Kennecott Utah Copper Co.
Metals-2-2
Some mines are underground.
Image: US Bureau of Mines
Metals-2-3
Drilling cuts holes in metal-bearing
rock where explosives can be placed.
Metals-2-1
Explosions - or blasts - break metalbearing rock into blocks and fragments.
Image: US Bureau of Mines
Metals-2-5
Metal-bearing rock broken by
blasting is hauled to a crusher.
Image: US Bureau of Mines
Metals-2-6
Crushed metal-bearing rock - most
pieces smaller than a baseball - is ready
for processing that removes metals.
Image: Kennecott Utah Copper Co.
Metals-2-7
All mines eventually deplete their
valuable metal-bearing rock and
close.
Image: Kennecott Utah Copper Co.
Metals-2-8
There are 5 types of mining you need
to know: The first is….Strip mining


Strip mining only works if the useful mineral is
near the surface.
Mining companies basically strip the
vegetation and soil (called Overburden)
above the useful mineral.
2) Open pit mining
3) Mountaintop Removal Mining

Used to mine coal around a mountain top.
Makes steep terrain flat.
4) Dredging

Mining for metals in aquatic environments.
5) Highwall Mining

Mining from exposed rock faces
What do we mine for other than
metals?

Coal and Oil, both used for energy
Coal is the main source of energy in
the United States. We burn it, which
then heats up water, and the steam
from the water powers a turbine
which makes energy.