* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Physical Anthropology Midterm Study Guide Review the following anthropological concepts. Look to your quizzes as aides, and make sure you can apply the vocabulary words to hypothetical situations -What (who) Anthropologists study Guanine = Cytosine -The 4 traditional fields of Anthropology Adenine = Thymine -What defines a species -What is biocultural evolution …also know what -microevoultion vs. macroevolution Uracil is, where it is -The subfields of Physical Anthropology found, and what it -The scientific method -Hypothesis vs. Theory replaces… -Beliefs about species before the Enlightenment -Beliefs about the earth before the Enlightenment -Know why the following people are important, what theories/viewpoints they created/held, and how they did/did not contribute to the theory of evolution: -John Ray -Carolus Linnaeus -Jean-Baptiste Lamarck Be able to recognize the amino acids -Georges Cuvier that mRNA Codons code for -George Louis Leclerc de Buffon (Table 3.1 on page 54) -Charles Lyell -Thomas Malthus -Erasmus Darwin -Charles Darwin -Alfred Russell Wallace -Mary Anning - how Natural Selection works -Fitness -The components and functions of a cell -Somatic Cells vs. Gametes -X and Y chromosomes -How a Zygote is formed -What a chromosome is made up of, the two types of chromosomes -How many chromosomes are in somatic cells, how many chromosomes are in gametes -What DNA is composed of -What enzymes are -The entire process of DNA replication -What RNA, the two types of RNA and how RNA differs from DNA -Exons vs. Introns -What is meiosis and mitosis and how do they differ -What types of things produce genetic variations in populations -Gregor Mendel’s contributions to inheritance -Phenotype vs. Genotype Review your movie notes! -Polygentic traits vs. Mendellian traits -How mutations occur and how they are passed on -Genetic drift vs. Gene flow -Chordata, vertebrates -homologies vs. analogies -ancestral vs. derived vs. shared derived traits and how these are/are not important to cladistic analysis and traditional evolutionary systematics -Differences between reptiles and mammals -adaptive radiation -gradualism vs. punctuated equilibrium -Specialized and Generalized traits in Primates -The locomoter pattern of primates and which primates prefer which pattern -General differences between New and Old World monkeys -Make sure you can name all the primates in the Ape family -K vs. R selection -Quantitative vs. Qualitative data Know how to draw and interpret a Punnet square!