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Transcript
HBV Infection–Diagnostic Approach
and Management Algorithm*
Suspected chronic hepatitis B, order:
CHSBP / Chronic Hepatitis Profile (Type B)
Suspected acute hepatitis, order:
AHPM / Acute Hepatitis Profile
Suspected chronic hepatitis (type unknown), order:
CHSUM / Chronic Hepatitis (Unknown Type)
Previous hepatitis exposure, order:
PHSM / Previous Hepatitis (Unknown Type)
Result consistent with
■ Acute hepatitis B
■ Delayed anti-HBs response after acute HBV infection
Check in 3 to 6 months**:
■ HBAB / Hepatitis B Surface Antibody, Qualitative/Quantitative, Serum
■ HBAG / Hepatitis B Surface Antigen, Serum
■
■
Positive HBs antigen
Negative HBs antibody
■
■
Negative HBs antigen
Positive HBs antibody
Results consistent with
■ Chronic hepatitis B
■ “Flare-up” chronic hepatitis B
■ Occult chronic HBV infection
Order**:
■ EAG / Hepatitis Be Antigen, Serum
■ HEAB / Hepatitis Be Antibody, Serum
■
Results consistent with chronic hepatitis B**
■
STOP
Order HBVQU / Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) DNA Detection
and Quantification by Real-Time PCR, Serum
Order serum ALT level
Positive HBe antigen
Normal ALT level
Negative HBe antigen
ALT level between 1
to 2 times the upper
limit of normal range
Observe and monitor
ALT level and HBeAg
every 6 to 12 months
Consider liver
biopsy
Results consistent with
■ False-positive results
■ Waning immunity from remote
HBV infection
■ Past or resolved HBV infection
■ HBV vaccination
Consider other causes of hepatitis
ALT level >2 times
the upper limit of
normal range
■
■
■
Normal ALT level and
HBV DNA <2,000 IU/mL
Consider liver biopsy
Consider HBV drug resistance test
if adult-acquired infection Contact
Mayo Medical Laboratories to order
Consider HBV genotype test if
considering interferon therapy
Contact Mayo Medical Laboratories
to order
■
■
Elevated ALT level
Observe and monitor ALT levels
every 3 months for 1 year
Consider monitoring HBV DNA
levels every 3 months for 1 year
using HBVQU
HBV DNA <2,000 IU/mL
■
■
Consider liver biopsy
Observe and monitor
ALT and HBV DNA
every 6 months
HBV DNA ≥2,000 IU/mL
■
■
■
■
Normal ALT level
Treatment with nucleos(t)ide
analog and/or IFN-alpha
■
■
Monitor treatment response every 3 to
6 months by checking HBVQU
If resistance to a nucleos(t)ide analog
is suggested, consider ordering HBV
drug resistance test. Contact Mayo
Medical Laboratories to order.
Suggest liver biopsy
Treat if moderate to severe
inflammation or significant fibrosis
Monitor every 3 to 6 months using
HBVQU
Monitor annually using HBAG /
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen, Serum
Elevated ALT level
Monitor ALT annually
with or without HBV
DNA levels
**Result Profile Table
Unit
Code
Test Name
AHPM
Acute Hepatitis Profile
+
CHSUM
Chronic Hepatitis (Unknown Type)
+
–
+
PHSM
Previous Hepatitis (Unknown Type)
+
–
+
PHSM
Previous Hepatitis (Unknown Type)
–
–
PHSM
Previous Hepatitis (Unknown Type)
–
PHSM
Previous Hepatitis (Unknown Type)
–
CHSBP
Chronic Hepatitis Profile (Type B)
+
+ : Positive
– : Negative
HBs
Antigen
Anti–HBs
Antibody
Anti–HBc
Total
Anti–HBc
IgM
HBe
Antigen
Anti–HBe
Antibody
Anti–HAV
Total
+
Anti–HAV
IgM
–
Anti–
HCV
Diagnosis
–
Acute hepatitis B
–
Chronic hepatitis B
–
–
a) Chronic hepatitis B, or
b) “Flare–up” chronic hepatitis B
+
–
–
a) False-positive results, or
b) Waning immunity from remote HBV infection, or
c) Occult chronic HBV infection, or
d) Delayed anti-HBs response after acute HBV infection
+
+
–
–
Past/resolved HBV infection
+
–
–
–
HBV vaccination
±
±
Chronic hepatitis B
* Adheres to the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease AASLD Guidelines: 2009 Update
© Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). All rights reserved.
MAYO, Mayo Medical Laboratories and the triple-shield Mayo logo are trademarks and/or service marks of MFMER.
Reviewed08/2014
10/2015