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Transcript
Name: ____________________________________________ Date: ____________________ Period: ______
Study Guide: Chapter 27 - Planets
Section 3: Match the given fact with its associated planet or dwarf planet. Each is used once.
_____ Strongest winds in the solar system; blue color
A. Uranus
_____ Clouds of sulfuric acid; Earth’s sister
B. Mercury
_____ Greatest temperature variance; messenger of the Gods
C. Ceres
_____ Largest dwarf planet
D. Pluto
_____ This dwarf planet’s orbit crosses with Neptune
E. Eris
_____ Largest object in the asteroid belt
F. Venus
_____ Largest of the planets; greatest number of moons
G. Mars
_____ Most dramatic ring system; 2nd largest
H. Haumea
_____ Football shaped dwarf planet
I. Jupiter
_____ Rotates on a sideways tilt of its axis
J. Neptune
_____ Red planet; named for the Roman god of War
K. Saturn
_____ KBO, named for the god of the Rapa Nui people of Easter Isle
L. Makemake
Matching
_____ Pluto
_____ Uranus
_____ Venus
_____ Eris
_____ Saturn
_____ Earth
_____ Mercury
_____ Neptune
_____ Ceres
A. Dwarf
B. Jovian
C. Terrestrial
Circle or Underline the correct choice
Which planet or dwarf planet has the shortest period?
Earth
Ceres
Mars
Saturn
Which planet is 1 AU from the sun?
Mercury
Earth
Uranus
Jupiter
What are the two main gases found on the Jovian planets?
carbon dioxide
hydrogen
helium
oxygen
Which planet has a vast system of valleys and the solar system’s largest volcano, Olympus Mons?
Mercury
Venus
Mars
Jupiter
Which scientist invented the telescope and used it to view many planets for the first time?
Aristotle
Plato
Kepler
Galileo
Which planet is known for its big red spot?
Saturn
Jupiter
Uranus
Which planet rotates clockwise, the opposite direction of most planets?
Venus
Earth
Pluto
Which moon is the most heavily cratered object in the solar system?
Callisto
Titan
Triton
Phobos
Which moon is losing altitude and will eventually collide with Mars? – Deimos or Phobos
Which moon is the largest in the solar system?
Gannymede
Phoebe
Titan
Triton
Which moon is home to the most volcanic activity?
Europa
Io
Phoebe
Namaka
Sequencing: Place the planets and dwarf planets in order from closest to the sun (1) to furthest (13).
_____ 34. Ceres
_____ 35. Earth
_____ 36. Eris
_____ 37. Haumea
_____ 38. Jupiter
_____ 39. Makemake
_____ 40. Mars
_____ 41. Mercury
_____ 42. Neptune
_____ 43. Pluto
_____ 44. Saturn
_____ 45. Uranus
_____ 46. Venus
Be prepared to thoroughly discuss the following topics.
Compare and contrast Terrestrial and Jovian planets.
Why was Pluto demoted to a dwarf planet? Which planetary characteristic does Pluto not possess?
What are the names of the four Galilean satellites?
Match each planet or dwarf planet with its moon(s).
_____ Ceres
_____ Eris
_____ Haumea
_____ Jupiter
_____ Makemake
_____ Mars
_____ Mercury
_____ Neptune
_____ Pluto
_____ Saturn
_____ Uranus
_____ Venus
A. Planet has no moons. (use this four times)
B. 2, Phobos & Deimos
C. One moon, Dysnomia
D. 5, including Charon, Nix & Hydra
E. 53 named moons including Titan & Phoebe
F. 2 moons, Hi-iaka & Namaka
G. 63+ moons including the Galilean moons
H. 27 moons including Miranda, Titania, & Oberon
I. 13 moons, Triton & Nereid