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Transcript
AGE OF EXPLORATION

Squash

Avocado

Peppers

Turkey

Pumpkin
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Tobacco

Cocoa
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Pineapple
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Peanut
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TOMATO
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Syphilis
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Vanilla
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Sweet Potatoes
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POTATO
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MAIZE
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Liquor
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GUNS
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Olive
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COFFEE BEAN
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Banana
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Rice
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Onion
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Turnip
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Honeybee
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Barley
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Grape
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Peach
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SUGAR CANE
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Oats
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Citrus Fruits
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Pear
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Wheat
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HORSE
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Cattle
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Sheep
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Pigs

Smallpox
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Flu

Typhus

Measles

Malaria

Whooping Cough
WHY????
• Renaissance Spirit 
* new curiosity
* desire for individual fame
and Glory
Other reasons…
• Inspiration from Marco polo
• Spices  $$$
- Demand exceeded Supply
- try to find new routes
To the East
• Conquer muslims and Spread
Christianity (since the crusades) –
sacred duty
• New technology
- caravel, astrolabe, compass
What is this
Technology about?
• CARAVEL – ship with triangular sail for
tacking into wind and square sails for
running before the wind and hull could
survive storms at sea
• ASTROLABE – captains used these to look
at the stars and tell their distance from the
equator
• COMPASS – indicated direction
Who kicked off this
thirst for exploration?
*the Portuguese
- Prince Henry devoted time
and $$$ to Educating and
sending out explorers
- Wanted new lands, gold,
and mysterious Christian
kingdom
- set up trading posts on West
coast of Africa - successful

Squash

Avocado

Peppers

Turkey

Pumpkin

Tobacco

Cocoa

Pineapple

Peanut

TOMATO

Syphilis

Vanilla

Sweet Potatoes

POTATO

MAIZE

Liquor

GUNS

Olive

COFFEE BEAN

Banana

Rice

Onion

Turnip

Honeybee

Barley

Grape

Peach

SUGAR CANE

Oats

Citrus Fruits

Pear

Wheat

HORSE

Cattle

Sheep

Pigs

Smallpox

Flu

Typhus

Measles

Malaria

Whooping Cough
SOON, explorers from many countries set out
to find new routes to the EAST INDIES and
did not always find what they were
expecting.
We will focus on those sent by Portugal,
Spain, France, and England.
Who are the
famous explorers
that would
follow?
Bartholomeu Dias
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Who? Dias
When? 1488
From Where? Portugal
Sent by Whom? King John II of Portugal
What? Got to southern tip of Africa
Vasco da Gama
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Who? Da Gama
When? 1497
From Where? Portugal
Sent by Whom? King Emmanuel IIPortugal
• What? Found direct sea route to exotic
India by rounding Cape of Good Hope
Christopher Columbus
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•
•
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Who? Christopher Columbus
When? 1492
From Where? Italy
Sent by Whom? King Ferdinand and Queen
Isabella of Spain
• What? Tried to find quicker, western
route to India, BUT he found the Caribbean
What is the real importance of
Columbus’ expeditions?
• His voyages encouraged others to sail
westward, and eventually people realized
this wasn’t India, but a new continent…
Amerigo Vespucci
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•
•
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Who? Vespucci
When? 1499 and 1501
From Where? Italy
Sent by Whom? King Ferdinand of Spain
What? Reached Brazilrealized it wasn’t
part of Asia->inspired a mapmaker to draw
a new map including “America”
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
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•
•
•
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Who? De Balboa
When? 1513
From Where? Spain
Sent by Whom? The Spanish
What? Reached the Pacific Ocean by
going through Panama
Pedro Alvares Cabral
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•
•
•
•
Who? Cabral
When? 1500
From Where? Portugal
Sent by Whom? King Manuel I of Portugal
What? Responsible for the name of the
Portuguese colony, Brazil
Ferdinand Magellan
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•
•
•
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Who? Magellan
When? 1519 to 1522
From Where? Portugal
Sent by Whom? King Charles I of Spain
What? His crew made it all the way
around the world by sailing around S.
America and Africa and showed the world
was bigger than expected
Giovanni de Verrazano
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Who? Verrazano
When? 1524
From Where? Italy
Sent by Whom? King Francis I of France
What? Discovered today’s New York
Harbor
Jacques Cartier
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•
•
•
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Who? Cartier
When? 1534
From Where? France
Sent by Whom? King Francis I of France
What? Discovered a broad river that he
named St. Lawrence. While sailing up this
river he founded present day Montreal
Samuel de Champlain
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•
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Who? Champlain
When? 1608
From Where? France
Sent by Whom? The French
What? Founded Quebec. Leads to the
cooperation with NativesFur trade gives
profits to the French
Louis Joliet and Jacques
Marquette
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Who? Joliet and Marquette
When? 1673
From Where? France
Sent by Whom? The French
What? Learned about a “great river” from
Native Americans. Set out to discover the
Mississippi river.
Robert LaSalle
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•
WHO? La Salle
WHEN? 1682
FROM WHERE? France
SENT BY WHOM? The French
WHAT? LaSalle sails down the river and
claims the entire southern region for
France-Louisiana
John Cabot
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Who? Cabot
When? 1497
From Where? Italy
Sent by Whom? King Henry VII of
England
• What? First English claim in North
America.
Sir Walter Raleigh
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•
•
•
•
Who? Raleigh
When? 1585
From Where? England
Sent by Whom? Queen Elizabeth I of England
What? Organized an expedition that landed on
Roanoke, off the coast of present-day North
Carolina. When food was scarce, settlers move
back to England
Francis Drake
• Who? Drake
• When? 1577
• From Where? England
• Sent by Whom? Queen Elizabeth I of
England
• What? First Englishman who
sailed around the world
Henry Hudson
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•
•
•
•
Who? Hudson
When? 1609
From Where? England
Sent by Whom? England
What? Tried to find a northwest passage,
he sails up the river (now named for him)
and discovers the richest fur-bearing region
south of Canada
The End