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Transcript
RELIGIOUS
EXTREMISM
(COMPLETE VIDEO 4:00)
DO NOW: DO SOME FAITHS LEND THEMSELVES TO
EXTREMISM MORE THAN OTHERS?
FUNDAMENTALISM
VS. EXTREMISM
Religious fundamentalism
• Movement that seeks to return to the foundations of
the faith
• Also seeks to influence political policy
Religious extremism
• Fundamentalism taken to violent “extremes”
“People in one society often fear fundamentalism
in other societies without recognizing it in their
own.”
HUMAN
SPECTRUM
HOW MUCH DO YOU AGREE OR
DISAGREE WITH THE STATEMENT?
IS ALL OF ISLAM “EXTREME”?
“Donald J. Trump is calling for a total and complete shutdown of
Muslims entering the United States until our country's
representatives can figure out what is going on.” – Trump
campaign press release 12/7/15
“We cannot turn against one another by letting this fight be
defined as a war between America and Islam. That, too, is what
groups like ISIL want. ISIL does not speak for Islam. They are
thugs and killers, part of a cult of death, and they account for a
tiny fraction of more than a billion Muslims around the world,
including millions of patriotic Muslim Americans who reject their
hateful ideology.” – Obama 12/6/15
“Why does Islam, alone among the major religions, mark
conversion to another faith as apostasy, punishable by
death?...How can significant minorities (and a few majorities) of
surveyed Muslims express approval or “understanding” of terrorist
acts…? – deBlij, The Power of Place
Video: Reza Aslan on CNN
HOW WELL DO
YOU KNOW
RELIGION?
QUIZ: BIBLE OR KORAN?
ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM
• May emphasize the concept of jihad
• Holy war
• Koran actually doesn’t say a lot about jihad
• Unlike other holy books, it says make both peace
and war with unbelievers
• It says “Fight them wherever you find them, and
expel them from where they have expelled you”
• It also inveighs against killing civilians
• Taliban in Afghanistan
• Strictest fundamentalist regime
CHRISTIAN FUNDAMENTALISM
• Protestant fundamentalism in the U.S.
• Strict adherence to a literal interpretation of the
Bible
• Contemporary society should align with biblical
principles
• Political activism
• Prayer in public schools, teaching creationism in
science classes, banning abortion, outlawing gay
marriage
• Catholic fundamentalism
• Latin Mass; don’t recognize the pope
ARE WE IN AN AGE OF
“ENDARKENMENT”?