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GPS Standards
 SSWH7 The student will analyze European medieval
society with regard to culture, politics, society, and
 a.
Explain the manorial system and feudalism:
include the status of peasants and feudal monarchies
and the importance of Charlemagne
Essential Question
 How does feudalism work?
 Why did feudalism play a huge role in the western
European society?
Charlemagne unites
Germanic Kingdoms
 German Kingdoms Emerge
 Replace Roman Provinces
 Church provided order and security
 Franks: Germanic people who held power
 Germans Adopt Christianity
 Monasteries: church built religious communities
 Secular: worldly
 An Empire Emerges
 Pepin the Short: Carolingian Dynasty=family that would
rule the Franks.
Charlemagne becomes
 Extended Frankish Rule:
 Charlemagne spread Christianity through his
 Became the most powerful king in western Europe.
 Pope crowned him Emperor: Joining of Germanic
power, the Church and the Heritage of the Roman
Charlemagne Leads a
 Limited the power of the nobles.
 Encouraged learning
 Ordered monasteries to open schools to train future
monks and priests.
 What is Feudalism?
 A political system in which nobles were granted the
use of land that legally belonged to the king. In return,
the nobles agreed to give their loyalty and military
services to the king.
 Social Feudalism Vs. Economic Side of Feudalism
Feudal system
 Based on rights and obligations.
 In exchange for military protection, a lord granted
 Depended on the control of the land.
 Like a pyramid.
 Determined a persons prestige and power.
Feudal Pyramid
 1. King
  Landowners
 Granted land for
exchange for military
protection and other
 Head of the
Kingdom. (i.e.
Feudal Pyramid
 2. Nobles/Vassals
 Person receiving land
granted by the lord or
 Wealthy
Feudal Pyramid
 2. Church Officials
  importance of
Christianity in the Holy
Roman Empire.
 Studying at
Feudal System
 3. Knights
  Mounted horsemen who
pledged to defend their
lords’ lands in exchange
for fiefs.
 Fiefs: Granted land by
Feudal Pyramid
• 4. Peasants/Serfs
 Majority of the
 Serfs: people who
could not lawfully
leave the place where
they were born.
 Bound to the land.
Manor: economic side
 Lord’s estate.
 Basic economic arrangement.
 Lord provided serfs with housing, farmland, and
protection. In return, serfs tended the lord’s lands,
cared for his animals, and performed other tasks to
maintain the estate.
 History in Depth page 362. The medieval Manor