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Chapter 12 Section 1
The New Imperialism
Imperialism is the extension of a Nation’s power over
other land.
Earlier on people were content with what they had yet
the New Imperialism has people looking for no less
than direct and total power over vast territories.
What Areas were France, great Britain, and the US able to
conquer and what were their primary motives for doing so?
• Vietnam was conquered in order to not only keep the British out of Vietnam and
keep watch over them but also for monopolization.
• Later on they got ahold of Saigon, Hanoi and eventually, Cambodia, Annam,
Tokin, and Laos for further expansion, money and trade capabilities
Great Britain
• Great Britain, namely Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles conquered Singapore as it was
a major stopping point for steamships on their way to or from China.
• Burma was also conquered as a way to protect it’s possessions from in India as well
and also for it’s use as a land route through to southern China.
United States
• The US conquered the Philippines in order to, not only, prevent it from falling into
the hands of the Japanese but also as a means of trade access to China
Why did Thailand remain a
free state?
They wanted to remain friendly with the European powers.
King Chulalongkorn as well as King Mongkut heavily promoted western
learning which caused the French and British to back off.
How did the colonial powers govern their
colonies and what are the difference
between direct and indirect rule?
They were able to realize their goals by cooperating with local political elites.
Those who already ruled in the area kept their power and were those kept in indirect
People who lost their power at the hands of colonization were victims to direct rule.
What was the role of the colonized economies
and how did this role benefit industrialized
Their main task was to export raw materials.
The colonial powers didn’t want their colonists to develop their own
industries because of this leading to the development of plantation
Through the large amount of exportation they earned a large amount of
How did the people of Southern Asia
respond to colonial rule?
Initially they resented colonization and thus the existing ruling class resisted.
Occasionally the resistance came by way of peasant revolt as they often were driven from their
land for plantation agriculture.
The angry peasants took their anger and vented to foreign invaders.
Early resistant failed and were overcome by western powers .
In the early 1900s a new form of resistance that was based on nationalism formed.
Nationalist leaders in the 1900s who spoke out against foreign
rue to preserve economic and religious freedoms all had what
in common?
They were all well educated and mastered specific arts such as how to rule
and conquer which led to them being where they are.
Through what they were able to resist invasions from colonial rule and