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Happy Friday, BIO-NINJAS
Today you will need: Writing Utensil, Journal and
Kingdoms Chart.
Bellwork: Write the question and justify your answer.
What kingdom does this creature belong to?:
This aquatic organism digests its food
outside of its body with acidic vomit. Then
it absorbs the digested nutrients into its
cells. When the cells were examined,
scientists found a nucleus and cell walls
that did not contain peptidoglycan.
Prepare for Notes
Standard B8.C: Compare characteristics
of taxonomic groups including archaea,
bacteria, fungi, protists, plants and
animals
Page:____
Title: Plantae and Animalia
Essential Question: How do I know if
an organism belongs in a particular
Kingdom?
Stations today…
Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom
fungi
• Fungi are eukaryotic
• Examples: yeasts, molds, and mushrooms.
• Mostly multicellular, but some, like yeast are unicellular.
• Fungal cells have cell walls that contain chitin.
• Fungi are heterotrophs/decomposers.
• Reproduction can be both asexual and sexual at
different stages in their life cycles and often involves
the production and dispersal of spores.
• Harmful: Some fungi can cause disease in
plants or animals. 
• Helpful: penicillin (antibiotic) is a type of mold that
kills bacteria. 
• Helpful: Yeast is used to bake bread while other
fungi are used to produce cheese and yogurt. 
The Faces of Fungi…
Mycorrhizae
Kingdom
Fungi
Cell Type?
(Prokaryote or
Eukaryote)
Eukaryotic
Unicellular or
Multicelluar?
Unicellular or
Multicellular
Autotroph or
Heterotroph?
Heterotroph
Cell Wall?
Yes, chitin
Example
Yeast, mold,
mushroom
Protista
Fun-guy video facts
(See what I did there?)
• Fungi (introduction)
– You should have 3 facts
• Cordyceps
– You should have 1 fact
• Truffles
– You should have 6 facts
Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Organisms from the Kingdom Plantae are multicellular eukaryotic
organisms. Plants have characteristics that make them different from other
eukaryotic organisms. One of the main differences is that they are
autotrophic, meaning they are able to make their own food using simple
inorganic substances. They do this through a process known as
photosynthesis, in which plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide
into sugar and oxygen. Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts of a
plant cell. Plants are multicellular and, unlike animals, their cells have rigid
cell walls made from cellulose.
Some species of plants reproduce sexually and some reproduce asexually. In
asexual reproduction, such as budding, an exact copy of the parent is
produced. Plant sexual reproduction can be assisted by animals, as is the
case with flowers and honeybees. As the bees go from flower to flower
collecting nectar, they carry pollen, plant sex cells, with them and pollinate
other plants. Pollination is the first step in plant sexual reproduction.
The Kingdom Plantae is divided into 11 Phyla. For example, Phylum
Bryophyta are mosses- small, soft plants that don’t have flowers. They
absorb water and nutrients through their leaves, which are 1 cell thick.
Kingdom
Plantae
Cell Type?
(Prokaryote or
Eukaryote)
Eukaryotic
Unicellular or
Multicelluar?
Multicellular
Autotroph or
Heterotroph?
Autotroph
Cell Wall?
Yes, cellulose
Important to
remember
tree, moss
Chloroplasts
Photosynthesis
Animalia
Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom
Animals are a group of multicellular eukaryotic organisms. The
word animal comes from the Latin word animalis meaning
“having breath.”
Animals are different from other eukaryotes in a number of
ways.
First, animal cells lack the rigid cell walls that plants, fungi, and
algae have. Instead, animal cells are surrounded only by a cell
membrane. Second, animals are heterotrophic, meaning that
they must ingest other organisms in order to survive.
Heterotrophs are the consumers in the food chain. Third, all
animals are motile, or able to move, at least during one stage
of their life cycle. Nearly all animals undergo some form of
sexual reproduction, where specialized sex cells form and fuse
together to form zygotes, which develop into individuals. Some
animals are also capable of asexual reproduction, through
budding or forms of cloning.
Kingdom
Plantae
Animalia
Cell Type?
(Prokaryote or
Eukaryote)
Eukaryotic
Eukaryotic
Unicellular or
Multicelluar?
Multicellular
Multicellular
Autotroph or
Heterotroph?
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cell Wall?
Yes, cellulose
No, (cell
membrane)
Important to
remember
tree, moss
Fish, human
Chloroplasts
Motile
Photosynthesis
maturing fish eggs
zygotes
human cheek cells
human muscle tissue
Fill in the previous chart using the information from
your notes. “Enhance” your chart using the following
colors:
Prokaryote vs Eukaryote:
•
•
Color eukaryotic boxes blue
Color prokaryotic boxes
yellow.
Unicellular vs Multicellular:
•
•
•
Color unicellular boxes
purple
Color multicellular boxes
orange
Color the both boxes half
purple and half orange.
Autotroph or Heterotroph:
•
•
•
Color heterotrophic boxes
red
Color autotrophic boxes
green
Color the both boxes half
red and half green.
Cell Wall:
•
•
•
Color the yes boxes grey
Color the no boxes light
blue
Color the both boxes half
grey and half light blue.
Whiteboard work expectations
1. Answer the questions that the teacher gives
even if you have to guess
2. Stay on task
3. Clean up your area (caps on markers, etc.)
4. Only use dry erase markers to write on the
white board
Match the cell wall, with kingdom, and
example
Cell Wall Contains
Kingdom
Organism
Chloroplasts/
Cellulose
Chitin
Does not have a cell
wall
Peptidoglycan
Various chemicals
Does not have
peptidoglycan
Archaebacteria
Paramecium
Plantae
Eubacteria
Worms
Thermophiles
Protista
Fungi
Animalia
Streptococcus
Mushrooms
Orchid
Match the cell wall, with kingdom, and
example
Cell Wall Contains
Kingdom
Organism
Chloroplasts/
Cellulose
Chitin
Does not have a cell
wall
Peptidoglycan
Various chemicals
Does not have
peptidoglycan
Archaebacteria
Paramecium
Plantae
Eubacteria
Worms
Thermophiles
Protista
Fungi
Animalia
Streptococcus
Mushrooms
Orchid
The information below describes the most specific levels of
classification that the mushroom sea squirt, Sycozoa gaimardi,
shares with four other organisms.
•The mushroom sea squirt is in the same class
as the common sea grape.
•The mushroom sea squirt is in the same
family as the blue spot ascidian.
•The mushroom sea squirt is in the same
order as the white speck tunicate.
•The mushroom sea squirt is in the same
phylum as the starry skate.
To which of the four organisms is the mushroom sea squirt most
closely related?
A unicellular, eukaryotic organism that has
a flagellum and is photosynthetic should be
classified in Kingdom Eubacteria.
• Explain why the statement above is true or
false.
Which
kingdom?
Archaebacteria
Eubacteria
Protista
Fungi
Plantae
Animalia
This organism digests its food outside of its body
(by vomiting on it). Then it absorbs the digested
food into its gelatinous belly. When its cells
were examined, scientists found cell walls made
of chitin.
Which organisms are most likely in
kingdom eubacteria?
California
Sea Lion
Galápagos
Sea Lion
New Zealand
Sea Lion
Kingdom
Animalia
Animalia
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Chordata
Chordata
Class
Mammalia
Mammalia
Mammalia
Order
Carnivora
Carnivora
Carnivora
Family
Otariidae
Otariidae
Otariidae
Genus
Zalophus
Zalophus
Phocarctos
wollebaeki
hookeri
Species
californianus
Which two are most closely related? (Why?)
Anna read the description
below and decided that this
organism is a plant. Explain
why you agree or disagree.
This little guy (about an inch tall) was discovered
to have cells that photosynthesize. The mouth is
only used to scare away predators, but it’s not
functional. Interestingly, scientists noted that its
cells do not have cell walls.
Which genus would a
coyote belong to?
What is the scientific name
of a wolf?
Scientists discover a new organism. It
is eukaryotic and obtains energy by
secreting digestive enzymes into
decaying organic matter and then
absorbing the digested material. This
organism should be classified in
Kingdom —
Which organism is most
closely related to the Felis
catus?
Identify the organism pictured below
A team of scientists collected a
unicellular, prokaryotic organism that
lived in a volcanic hot spring and had
lipids in its cell membrane that were
not found in any other group of
organisms. The scientists most likely
classified the organism into which
kingdom?
Archaea
*Use your chart
and notes to
complete the
triple Venn
Diagram
Bacteria
Eukarya