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Classical Civilizations Midterm Review Give the name of the following Greek letters: Identify the portfolios (what are they the god of) for the following gods: Aphrodite Athena Hades Poseidon Zeus Identify the teachers of the following individuals: Aristotle Plato Alexander Philip II Timon Identify the parent of the following individuals: Alexander Cronus Zeus Orestes Helen Identify the state the following individuals are associated with Achilles Aeneus Agamemnon Cimon Cleisthenes Cyrus Darius Hector Leonidas Lycurgus Menelaus Minos Odysseus Paris Pasiphaë Patroclus Priam Solon Themistocles Xerxes Identify the date of the following battles: Chaeronaea Gaugamella Marathon Plataea Salamis Thermopylae Troy Who killed the following individuals? Hector Agamemnon The Minotaur Clytemnestra Achilles Iphegenia What are the following people most famous for? Lycrugus Solon Pericles Cleisthenes Pisitratus Identify the battle and/or war most associated with the following commanders Themistocles Hector Leonidas Pericles Miltiades Xerxes Cyrus Darius Philip II Alexander Associate the following people, places or things with the city or state to which they most closely belong ostracism gerousia labrys Parthenon labyrinth rhetra ephors Minos Double Envelopment The Immortals apella Lacedaemon Thalassocracy Delos piraeus Achilles returns to battle after whose death? At what age was a Spartan a full citizen? At what age were Spartan boys taken from their mothers? Cimon was a citizen of which city? Cleisthenes changed the size of the Athenian boule to how many? During which war did the Athenians utilize the “long walls” connecting Athens and their port the “piraeus”? Epicureanism was founded by whom? How did Lycurgus change Spartan custom? How did Lycurgus change the land ownership in Sparta? How many Spartans fought at Marathon? How many Spartans fought at Thermopylae? How was Thera destroyed? Lycurgus instituted the Spartan way of life in response to what issue? Lycurgus instituted what form of money in Sparta? Pericles gained prominence in Athens by gaining the favour of whom? Philip II conquered Greece in 338 BC at which battle? Salamis is nearest to which Greek city? Solon allowed only one export for Athens. What was that export? Solon instituted a council of how many? Solon was the famous lawgiver of which city? Sparta had how many kings? The followers of which philosopher are known as the Peripatetics? The gerousia consisted of how many members? The Greeks fought which nation’s army at the battle of Salamis? The Labrys is most closely associated with which nation? The Labyrinth was most closely associated with which nation? The Peloponnesian war ended in which year? The Phaistos Disk is most closely associated with which nation? The Snake Goddess is most closely associated with which nation? The Spartans won the Peloponnesian war with the aid of whom? The standard heavily-armoured Greek soldier was known as what? Themistocles was responsible for what? Thera is most closely associated with which nation? What did Minos have built for his wife’s monsterous child? What is a “sussition”? What was an ostrakon was used for? What was the fate of Minos in the underworld? What was the name of Alexander the Great’s horse? Where did the Delian league have their treasury? Where was Alexander proclaimed a “son of god?” Where were the largest Minoan palace complexes? Which Athenian convinced the city to build the navy that saved them at Salamis? Which civilization succeeded the Minoan civilization? Which famous Athenians were ostracized? Which figures were tyrants of Athens? Which god is considered the “king” of the Greek gods? Which god was known for his philandering (sleeping around)? Which philosopher founded the Academy? Which philosopher is known as the “Father of Medicine”? Which philosopher was executed for corrupting the youth of Athens? Which political reformer did not allow his laws to be written? Which political reformer wrote his laws on tablets? Who castrated Ouranos? Who empowered the Delian League with victories over the Persians? Who excavated the ruins of Knossos? Who excavated the ruins of Mycenae? Who excavated the ruins of Troy? Who led the Persian forces at Thermopylae? Who married Clytemnestra of Sparta? Who passed laws that protected Athenians from being enslaved or arrested for debt? Who told the Athenians to trust in their “wooden walls”? Who was king of Persia during the first invasion of Greece? Who was king of Persia during the second invasion of Greece? Who was the brother of Agamemnon? Who was the father of Alexander III the Great? Who was the god of war in Greek mythology? Who was the great general of the Athenians during the early period of the Delian League? Who was the greatest hero of the Trojans, who was killed by Achilles? Who was the king of Persia when they conquered Lydia? Who was the leader of Athens at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war? Who was the leader of the Athenians and their allies at Marathon? Who was the Leader of the Spartans at Thermopylae ? Who won the Peloponnesian war? Who wrote the Iliad? Who wrote the Theogony and Cosmogony? Whose wife copulated with a bull? Why did Achilles withdraw from battle? Zeus married which of his sisters?