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Symphony Nr. 94
Fourth Movement
Joseph Haydn 1732 - 1809
• Joseph was born in a tiny Austrian
village called Rohrau.
• His father made wagon wheels.
• Haydn’s musical background
consisted of folk songs his father
loved to sing.
• Haydn’s family noticed how musical
he was and sent him to live with
relatives who could give him basic
music lessons.
• He was six years old when he left
The home where Haydn was born.
• After two years of lessons, he got a
position at St. Stephen’s Cathedral
in Vienna as a choirboy.
• When his voice changed, Haydn
was dismissed from St. Stephen’s
and turned out on the street
without a penny.
• “I barely managed to stay alive by
giving music lessons to children for
about eight years” he wrote.
• Throughout these years he
struggled to teach himself
composition and also took odd
jobs, including playing the violin in
street bands.
• Gradually, people began to notice
• FINALLY, by the time he was 29
years old, his life changed for the
better – permanently.
• In 1761, Haydn entered the service
of the Esterhazys, the richest and
most powerful of the Hungarian
noble families.
The Esterhazy palace where
Haydn lived.
• Respected and taken care of,
Haydn flourished in this palace.
• The palace contained an opera
house, a theater, two concert halls,
and 126 guest rooms.
• He was looked at as a highly skilled
servant and was subject to the
wishes of the prince.
• Haydn met the younger Mozart in
the early 1780s and they became
close friends.
• Of Mozart Haydn said, “This I
know: Mozart is the greatest
composer the world possesses
• Haydn became immensely popular
all over Europe.
• In 1790, after the death of the
Prince, Haydn was free to go to
Portrait of Haydn
• Haydn gladly left to visit London.
He composed many symphonies
there and his works were viewed
as triumphs.
• And so the servant became a
• Haydn returned to Vienna in 1794,
rich and honored.
• At this point, he was still employed
by the Esterhazys, but needed only
to write one mass a year.
• Haydn died in 1809, at the age of
77, while Napoleon’s army was
occupying Vienna.
• The memorial service for him
showed how famous he had
• It was attended by thousands.