Download joseph haydn - Patty Oeste

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Evolution of timpani in the 18th and 19th centuries wikipedia, lookup

Sonata form wikipedia, lookup

History of sonata form wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
JOSEPH HAYDN
Symphony Nr. 94
Fourth Movement
Joseph Haydn 1732 - 1809
• Joseph was born in a tiny Austrian
village called Rohrau.
• His father made wagon wheels.
• Haydn’s musical background
consisted of folk songs his father
loved to sing.
• Haydn’s family noticed how musical
he was and sent him to live with
relatives who could give him basic
music lessons.
• He was six years old when he left
home.
The home where Haydn was born.
• After two years of lessons, he got a
position at St. Stephen’s Cathedral
in Vienna as a choirboy.
• When his voice changed, Haydn
was dismissed from St. Stephen’s
and turned out on the street
without a penny.
• “I barely managed to stay alive by
giving music lessons to children for
about eight years” he wrote.
• Throughout these years he
struggled to teach himself
composition and also took odd
jobs, including playing the violin in
street bands.
• Gradually, people began to notice
him.
• FINALLY, by the time he was 29
years old, his life changed for the
better – permanently.
• In 1761, Haydn entered the service
of the Esterhazys, the richest and
most powerful of the Hungarian
noble families.
The Esterhazy palace where
Haydn lived.
• Respected and taken care of,
Haydn flourished in this palace.
• The palace contained an opera
house, a theater, two concert halls,
and 126 guest rooms.
• He was looked at as a highly skilled
servant and was subject to the
wishes of the prince.
• Haydn met the younger Mozart in
the early 1780s and they became
close friends.
• Of Mozart Haydn said, “This I
know: Mozart is the greatest
composer the world possesses
now.”
• Haydn became immensely popular
all over Europe.
• In 1790, after the death of the
Prince, Haydn was free to go to
London.
Portrait of Haydn
• Haydn gladly left to visit London.
He composed many symphonies
there and his works were viewed
as triumphs.
• And so the servant became a
celebrity.
• Haydn returned to Vienna in 1794,
rich and honored.
• At this point, he was still employed
by the Esterhazys, but needed only
to write one mass a year.
• Haydn died in 1809, at the age of
77, while Napoleon’s army was
occupying Vienna.
• The memorial service for him
showed how famous he had
become.
• It was attended by thousands.