Download 6.2: The Roman Empire Brings Change

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Food and dining in the Roman Empire wikipedia, lookup

Roman technology wikipedia, lookup

Sino-Roman relations wikipedia, lookup

Roman Republican currency wikipedia, lookup

Ancient maritime history wikipedia, lookup

6.2: The Roman
The Republic Collapses
 Gap b/t rich & poor widened
 Urban poor made up ¼ the population
 Military chaos
 A period of civil war resulted
(a group of leaders that shared
control of the gov’t)
Caesar, Crassus, &Pompey
(died 53 BC)
(died 48 BC)
 Julius Caesar appointed dictator for life
 Assassinated by Brutus & Cassius
– March 15, 44 BC
 Civil War after death of Julius Caesar
 2nd Triumvirate
– Octavian, Mark Antony, Lepidus
 Lepidus retired
 Octavian & Mark Antony became rivals
– Octavian defeated Antony & Cleopatra
at the naval battle of Actium in 31 BC
Octavian is given the title
“Augustus” meaning exalted
 Rome became an empire
Pax Romana: with 1 ruler
a period of peace and
 Through the silk roads –
prosperity throughout
most important roadsthe Roman Empire,
lasting from 27B.C. to
180 A.D
 Women had more freedom
than most women would
have until the 19th century
 Family at the heart of
Roman society
 Gravitas: the Roman
values of discipline,
strength, loyalty
Sources of Wealth during Pax
 Bustling trade across the empire & with
other civilizations
 Wealth from conquered lands (gold &
 Healthy farms w/ plenty of grain to feed
Sometimes strong
healthy male slaves
were forced to
become Gladiators
To distract & control the
masses, the gov’t provided
free games, races, mock
battles, & gladiator games