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Transcript
Bridges
Brian Brenner
Aaron Levine
Cindy Tran
Some Uses of Bridges






Walkways
Highways/Roads
Railways
Pipelines
Connecting lands
Crossing rivers and
canyons
Types of Bridges

Arch

Truss

Cantilever

Cable-Stayed

Suspension
What makes a bridge stay up?

Forces



Compression – a
pushing or squeezing
force
Tension – a pulling or
stretching force
Demonstration

Make groups of two…
Arch Bridges


Keystone – the wedgeshaped stone of an
arch that locks its
parts together
Abutments – the
structures that
support the ends of
the bridge
Arch Bridges
Works by
Compression

Arch Bridges

Where have you seen these bridges?
Cold Spring Arch Bridge, Santa Barbara, CA
Marsh Rainbow Arch, Riverton, KS
Pont du Gard, Nimes, France
Cable-Stayed Bridges



Piers – the vertical supporting structures
Cables – thick steel ropes from which the
decking is suspended
Decking – the supported roadway on a bridge
Cable-Stayed Bridges

Works by Tension AND Compression
Cable-Stayed Bridges

Where have you seen these bridges?
Zakim Bridge, Boston, MA
Sunshine Skyway Bridge, Tampa, FL
Sundial Bridge, Redding, CA
Suspension Bridges


Similar to Cable-Stayed
Different construction method
Suspension Bridges

Works by Tension and Compression
Suspension Bridges

Where have you seen these bridges?
Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, CA
Brooklyn Bridge, Brooklyn, NY
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, New York, NY
Other Types
Truss
Southern Pacific Railroad Bridge,
Tempe, AZ
Cantilever
Firth of Forth-Forth Rail Bridge,
Edinburgh, Scotland
Engineering


Engineering – the use of math and science to solve
real world problems (like crossing a river)
Civil engineering – designing and building bridges,
roadways, tunnels, buildings, dams, etc.
Civil Engineer
Branches of Civil Engineering




Structural – bridges, roads, buildings
Geotechnical – foundations, excavations,
and tunnels
Transportation – roads, traffic control,
airports
Environmental – human impact on the
environment
Other Types of Engineering




Mechanical – design machines and
moving parts
Electrical – design electrical equipment
Chemical – design processes for mixing
chemicals
Computer – design computer hardware
and software
Questions?