Download Vocabulary- the key to understanding this stuff

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

State (polity) wikipedia, lookup

Rebellion wikipedia, lookup

Political spectrum wikipedia, lookup

Political psychology wikipedia, lookup

Embedded liberalism wikipedia, lookup

Music and politics wikipedia, lookup

Advocacy group wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Vocabulary- the key to
understanding this stuff
Correlation
An apparent association between certain
factors or variables
 For example, there is a positive correlation
between medical care and life expectancy

Causation
When a change in one variable causes a
change in another variable
 For example, when the temperature drops
below 32 degrees, water freezes

Politics
A struggle for power
 That gives the winners the ability to make
decisions affecting others
 Who gets what, when, and how

Nation
A group of people
 Psychological sense of identity
 Based on cultural, geographic, or linguistic
ties

The State
Institutions, people, and groups
 Have the power to effect
change
 Has monopoly of force
Over territory

Regime
Fundamental
norms and rules
 Established by
administrations
over time

Sovereignty
•A state’s ability to carry out actions independently
Legitimacy
•Generally accepted view that the
government has the right to rule
•Traditional--the right to rule, because “it has
always been that way.”
•Charismatic--rule based on personality
•Rational-legal--based on a widely accepted
system of laws and procedures
Democracy
A system of government where people
choose policymakers in free, regular,
competitive elections
 Illiberal--procedural (holds elections) but
without civil rights and liberties
 Liberal--political competition,
accountability, civil rights and liberties

Institutions

Structures, how they are set up and how
they shape the political decision making
process
–
–
–
–
Executive
Legislative
Judicial
Bureaucracy
FPTP/SMD

First past the post, single member district
– Winner-take-all
– The winner gets the one seat available in an election
(one person is elected to represent each district)
– Plurality –the highest number of votes among
competing candidates
– House of Commons, US Congress
Proportional Representation
Votes for parties, rather than candidates
 Parties are represented in legislature
according to percentage of votes received
 Parties select office holders based on
candidate lists

Corporatism
A system of formal interest-group participation
in the states’ decision-making processes
 Key groups in society-especially business and
labor- should negotiate directly with
government officials to work out the country’s
principal economic and social welfare policies
– When business, labor, and the government
work closely in policymaking
 This limits the influence of
smaller groups

Cooptation
Granting favors in exchange for a benefit
 “Buying off” critics

Cleavages



Factors that separate
groups
Cross-cutting--a division
that includes people with
differences, strengthening
society
Coinciding--a division that
strengthens feelings of
difference and discrepancy,
weakening society
Political Culture
History
 Values
 Beliefs
 Traditions
 Influencing
political behavior

Political Socialization
The means by which citizens learn about
government and the political process
 How people get their ideas about
government and acquire their values about
the political process

Neo liberal Economics


Classical liberal economics- Focus on the free marketstate should strictly be limited
– Few restrictions on business … property rights strictly
guaranteed
Neo liberal economics
– Mixed economy that combines private enterprise and
a large economic role for the state