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Transcript
William
Shakespeare
Presented by : 张 元
Shakespeare(15641616)



English playwright and poet——one of
the greatest of all dramatists.
The most widely quoted author in history
His plays have probably been performed
more times than those of any other
dramatist.
About Shakespeare




a remarkable knowledge of human
behavior
the point of view of each of his
characters
vivid dramatic situations
a uniquely compelling theatrical
experience.
Triumph, my Britain , thou has one to
show
To whom all scenes of Europe homage
owe.
He was not of an age, but for all time!
--------------Ben Jonson
勝利,我的不列顛,你有一位
讓全歐洲俯首敬拜的人。
他不屬於一個世紀,而是永恆。
----------本 强生
Shakespeare’s Birthplace --He was born in this house on Henley
Street in Stratford-upon-Avon in April 23 ,1564.

Shakespeare’s Burial Site-----He died on April 23, 1616,
and was buried in the Holy Trinity Church in Stratfordupon-Avon, Warwickshire, shown here.
HIS COMEDIES

His comedies celebrate human social life
even as they expose human folly.

By means that are sometimes humiliating,
even painful, characters learn greater
wisdom and emerge with a clearer view of
reality.
HIS COMEDIES


Early Comedies (until about 1595 )-- reflect in
their gaiety and exuberant (丰富的) language the
lively and self-confident tone of the English nation
after 1588 。--The Comedy of Errors
Middle Comedies --A Midsummer Night’s Dream
and The Merchant of Venice from the mid-1590s
provide evidence of Shakespeare’s growing
mastery of the comic form and his willingness to
explore and test its dramatic possibilities.
HIS COMEDIES(cont.)

Mature Comedies --The romantic plays As
You Like It, The Merry Wives of Windsor, and
Twelfth Night are often characterized as
joyous comedies because of their generally
happy mood and sympathetic characters.
Written around 1599 and 1600, they
represent Shakespeare’s triumph in the field
of high comedy.
His History Plays


History plays(sometimes known as
chronicle plays )----a highly popular form
of drama in Shakespeare’s time.
Shakespeare wrote ten plays listed in the
1623 Folio .Eight of them re-create the
period in English history from 1399
HIS TRAGEDIES



among the most powerful studies of
human nature in all literature
appropriately as the greatest
achievements of his dramatic artistry.
his unforgettable tragic characters, such
as Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Othello,
King Lear, and Macbeth
HIS TRAGEDIES


Early Tragedies -- Romeo and Juliet ,
Julius Caesar
Mature Tragedies --Hamlet , Othello ,
King Lear , Antony and Cleopatra ,
Macbeth
THE LATE PLAYS
Tragicomedies or romances—
Differ considerably from Shakespeare’s
earlier comedies, being more radical in their
dramatic art and showing greater concern
with reconciliation among generations.
Cymbeline -The Tempest --