Download Приложение 1 Shakespeare remembered a number of his friends

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Transcript
Приложение 1
Shakespeare remembered a number of his friends with small gifts in his will. But only three of
them were members of his company: the great actor Richard Burbage, John Hemmings and Henry
Condal. Burbage died in 1619, the other two are the men who made is possible for us to see and
read Shakespeare’s plays today.
At that time few people thought of plays as literature. When Ben Jonson published his collected
works in 1616, the year of Shakespeare’s life, people made a joke about it. They said that Jonson
didn’t know the difference between work and play. Hemmings and Condol didn’t expect to make
much money from publishing Shakespeare’s works in the same way. They did it as a duty in
memory of their friend. 18 of 37 Shakespeare’s plays appeared for the first time in the collected
works published in 1623. They included some of the finest Shakespeare’s works: “Macbeth”,
“Antony and Cleopatra”, “Twelfth Night”, “As you like it”.
Ben Jonson often criticized Shakespeare’s work in private conversations. He was a great
dramatist himself, but he wrote a different kind of play. But for Hemmings and Condol’s complete
works he wrote a fine poem about his friend and rival. He compared him to the best Greek and
Roman dramatists and said that Shakespeare was the greatest of them all: “He was not of an age,
but for all time”. He didn’t only belong to his own time, his work will live forever.