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Name_______________ Per.______ Date______ Chapter 9 World History Test Review 1. The emperor _____ launched the Hundred Days of Reform in China. 2. The ______ was controlled by the British and was a valuable shortcut connecting the Mediterranean and the Red Seas. 3. 4. The Indian tradition of _____ requires women to be isolated in separate quarters. 5. Many people today call _____ the founder of Indian nationalism because of his influence on later leaders. 6. In the early 1800s, _____ called for social and religious reforms that set off an Islamic revival across West Africa. 7. A _____ was a colony run by local rulers with European advisors. 8. After the fall of the Qing dynasty, _____ was chosen president of the new Chinese republic. 9. The only African nations to preserve their independence were _______________ 10. In the Ottoman empire, tensions between Turkish nationalists and ethnic groups seeking independence sparked genocide against the ________________________. 11. Why was the Indian National Congress was formed? 12. In an effort to modernize China, its government initiated _________________________________. 13. What happened at the Berlin Conference of 1884? 14. What did Europeans use to justify for the new imperialism? 15. What ruler is sometimes called the “father of modern Egypt” due to the reforms he made? 16. How did Catholic and Protestant missionaries treat African natives? 17. In the Treaty of Nanjing, what did Britain gained control of? 18. What was the purpose of the Open Door Policy? 19. Why did Social Darwinists favor Western imperialism? 20. To Western imperial powers, modernization meant that subject people act like who? 21. How did exposure to European ideas lead to the creation of India’s nationalist movement in the late 1800s? 22. What were the results of the Sepoy Rebellion? 23. What were the results of the Taiping Rebellion that began in China in 1850? 24. Europeans became more interested in Iran with what discovery in the region? 25. Why were the British able to conquer India’s vast territory? 26. Chinese nationalists attempted to expel foreigners from the city of Beijing during the___________________________. 27. What did King Leopold II do that set off the scramble for Africa? 28. What brought about The Hundred Days of Reform in China? 29. How did the Industrial Revolution encourage imperialism? 30. What were Sun Yixian’s “Three Principles of the People?” 31. Rifle cartridges greased with animal fat set off what?