U.S. Government Semester Study Guide PART 1: MATCHING KEY CONCEPTS—You will have to match any or all of the following terms and concepts to their proper definitions/descriptions, as well as possibly a few others FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CONFEDERATE GOVERNMENT RATIFY EXECUTIVE BRANCH UNICAMERAL CONSTITUTIONAL SUPREMACY CHECKS AND BALANCES DOUBLE JEOPARDY SLANDER AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS AMNESTY INAUGURATION ACQUITTAL VERDICT PLAINTIFF INTEREST GROUPS LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT INAUGURATION VETO CHARTER CONCURRENT POWERS FEDERAL MANDATES UNITARY GOVERNMENT REPEAL BILL OF RIGHTS JUDICIAL BRANCH SUFFRAGE SEPARATION OF POWERS UNCONSTITUTIONAL SEARCH WARRANT CABINET REPRIEVE EXECUTIVE ORDER BUREAUCRACY INCUMBENTS SUBPOENAS DEFENDANT PUBLIC BILL MAYOR-COUNCIL FORM TREATY GOVERNOR LINE ITEM VETO AMENDMENTS FEDERAL GRANTS ORDINANCE POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES PRECINCT LEGISLATIVE BRANCH BICAMERAL LIBEL POLLING PLACE JUDICIAL REVIEW PARDON DUE PROCESS CONVENTION EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE TWO-PARTY SYSTEM JURISDICTION CONSTITUENTS ONE-PARTY SYSTEM PRIVATE BILL SUPREMACY CLAUSE PRESIDENT-ELECT CIVIL SERVICE SYSTEM RULE OF LAW DELEGATED POWERS SOVEREIGNTY PART 2: MULTIPLE CHOICE—You will have various concepts presented in multiple-choice format. They may include, but are not limited to, the following: Current voter qualifications Types of party systems Names, roles, and ideas of political parties in America Role of and examples of Interest Groups How do PACs impact politics Kinds of elections (general, primaries, special, etc.) Ballot issues (initiatives, referendums, recalls) When Congress meets Description of a typical member of congress Leadership positions in Congress Current members of congress for Iowa/our district (at national and state level) Legislative and non-legislative powers of Congress The role and types of committees in Congress General information about how bills become laws (the process) The roles of the president and certain duties/descriptions associated with each The role of the cabinet, and descriptions of various departments within it Duties of the Vice President Presidential Succession Examples of some of the President’s powers Federal verses state court systems and examples of cases therein Which court is the only one specifically mentioned in the U.S. Constitution? What elements make a law “good” The workings of the federal Supreme Court and qualifications to be a part of it Duties and facts about the Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court Different “opinions” that may be reached by the Supreme Court (unanimous, majority, etc.) Various amendments discussed in class (first 10, 22nd, 25th, etc.) Role of the U.S. Constitution in our government Our current Speaker of the House, Secretary of State, President of the Senate, mayor, governor, and lieutenant governor Which political party currently controls both houses of Congress? What are examples of issues local government will deal with as compared to the national government? The voting process The election ballot/Australian ballot Types of executive agencies and examples What classified vs unclassified employees are like How do socialism, capitalism, communism, and mixed economies compare Functions of government What the principles of a true democracy are PART 3: SHORT ANSWER ESSAY—You will have to answer an assortment of short-answer essay questions on the following possible concepts, as well as possibly a few others. They will be largely in “listing” format. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Listing the civil liberties contained within the First Amendment The theories behind the origins of government Some of the rights/liberties contained within the Bill of Rights Describe different political activities people can be involved in in their country Compare America’s two main political parties of today and how they differ Describe the process of the electoral college Identify similarities and differences between both houses of Congress Identify the requirements for becoming a member of the houses of Congress Identify the formal requirements to become President and the requirements to be the governor of Iowa 10. Identify some of the functions of law in the United States 11. Compare and contrast the executive branches at the state and national level 12. Identify some ways each of the three branches have power/influence over each other (their checks and balances) 13. Explain the importance of studying American Government as a senior in high school and what you are walking away with from class to help you be better educated as an adult. PART 4: EXTRA CREDIT—You will have an opportunity to answer some miscellaneous extra credit questions pertaining to the unit.