* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
AP European History Mr. M. Moynihan Directions – Read chapter #29. Be prepared to identify and discuss the following trends, people, terms and events from the chapter. Items in bold are particularly important, and on the day of the hot seat they may be used as questions to be answered from memory. In addition are study questions that need to be outlined in a bullet format. Test Date– 04/23/12 Chapter 29 Key Concepts: Terms and Events 1. Cold War 2. Iron Curtain 3. Containment 4. Marshall Plan 5. Cominform 6. Berlin Blockade 7. NATO 8. Warsaw Pact 9. Korean War 10. Dien Bien Phu 11. War in Vietnam 12. Khrushchev’s domestic policies 13. “secret speech” 14. Berlin Airlift 15. Truman Doctrine 16. Satellite nations 17. Berlin Wall (and its fall) 18. National Liberation Front 19. Cuban Missile Crisis 20. 1956 Crises 21. Invasion of Czechoslovakia 22. Invasion of Afghanistan 23. Solidarity in Poland 24. EEC 25. Balfour declaration 26. Six Days War 27. Persian Gulf Crisis 28. Nuclear buildup/deterance/MAD 29. “Star Wars” – SDI 30. “Star Wars” – SDI 31. Détente 32. Perestroika 33. Glasnost 34. Détente 35. “ethnic cleansing” 36. Radical Islam 37. Wahhabism 38. Taliban 39. Al Qaeda 40. Jihad 41. Chechnya Names 42. Joseph Stalin 43. Nikita Krushchev 44. Leonid Brezhnev 45. Mikhail Gorbachev 46. Harry Truman 47. George Kennan 48. John F. Kennedy 49. Ronald Reagan 50. Fidel Castro 51. Ho Chi Minh 52. Mohandas Gandhi 53. Ali Jinnah 54. Ngo Dinh Diem 55. Mao Tse Tung 56. Chiang Kai Shek 57. President Gamal Nasser (Egypt) 58. Boris Yeltsen 59. Vladamir Putin 60. Tito 61. Slobodam Milosevic 62. Ayatollah Khomeini 63. Saddam Hussein 64. Osama bin Laden 65. George W. Bush 66. Tony Blair Chapter 29: QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION: 1. How did the United States and the Soviet Union come to dominate Europe after 1945? How would you define the policy of containment? In what areas of the world did the United States specifically try to contain Soviet power from 1945 to 1982? Why were 1956 and 1962 crucial years in the Cold War? 2. How did Khrushchev’s policies and reforms change the Soviet state after the repression of Stalin? Why did many people consider Khrushchev reckless? 3. Why did the nations of Europe give up their empires? How did World War II affect the movement toward decolonization? How did Gandhi lead India toward independence? How did French decolonization policies differ from Britain’s? How did the United States become involved in Vietnam? 4. What internal political pressures did the Soviet Union experience in the 1970s and early 1980s? What steps did the Soviet government take to repress those protests? What role did Gorbachev’s attempted reforms play in the collapse of the Soviet Union? What were the major events in Eastern Europe—particularly Poland—that contributed to the collapse of communism? What are the major domestic challenges to the new Confederation of Independent States? 5. Was the former Yugoslavia a national state? Why did it break apart and slide into civil war? How did the West respond to this crisis? 6. How did the American response to the attacks of September 11, 2001, divide the NATO alliance? Why do some European nations feel able to dissent from the U.S. position in the Middle East when they rarely did so during the Cold War? 7. What were the major causes for the rise of radical political Islamism? In what ways is the present U.S. intervention in the Middle East a result of decolonization and in what ways are other factors at work?