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Transcript
Review for Final Semester Exam
John thinks that a vitamin will help him type faster. He creates two groups of 5 typists
each and assigns each group the same task (in this case, they're supposed to type a
report). Group A is given the vitamin before they type. Group B is not given the vitamin.
After an hour, John counts how many words each group has typed. Group A typed 1,500
words, Group B typed 2,110 words.
1. The independent variable is
A. The typists
B. The vitamin
C. The number of words typed
D. Groups A and B
2. The dependent variable is
A. The typists
B. The vitamin
C. The number of words typed
D. Groups A and B
3. The control is
A. Group A
B. The vitamin
C. The number of words typed
D. Group B
Use the information below to answer questions 1-2.
In squid people the allele for blue skin (B) is dominant over the green skin (b) allele.
Everyone in Squidward’s family has light blue skin, and they constantly brag that they
are a “purebred” line. He recently married a girl with green skin.
4. Which punnett square below shows the possible offspring for Squidward and his wife?
A.
B
B
BB
b
Bb
b
Bb
bb
B.
b
b
Bb
Bb
B
Bb
Bb
B
C.
b
b
b
bb
bb
b
bb
bb
B
B
BB
b
Bb
B
BB
Bb
D.
5. What are the chances of Squidward and his wife having a green skinned child?
A. 100%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 0%
6. If you cross 2 parent plants that are both heterozygous for a trait, what percentage of
the offspring will express the dominant trait?
A. 100%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 75%
7. If you cross 2 parent plants that are both heterozygous for a trait, what percentage of
the offspring will express the recessive trait?
A. 100%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 0%
Use the information below to answer questions 5-7.
SpongeBob Squarepants recently met SpongeSuzie Roundpants at a dance. SpongeBob
is heterozygous for his square pants, but Suzie is round.
8. Which punnett square shows the possibilities that could result if SpongeBob and
SpongeSuzie had children?
A.
S
S
SS
s
Ss
s
Ss
ss
B.
s
s
S
Ss
Ss
S
Ss
Ss
C.
s
s
s
ss
ss
s
ss
ss
D.
s
s
S
Ss
Ss
s
ss
ss
9. What is the percentage chance that the offspring will have a square shape?
A. 100%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 0%
10. What percentage of the offspring are considered heterozygous?
A. 100%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 0%
11. Brown eyes are recessive to black eyes in mice. Which of the following represents
the genotype of a purebred recessive mouse?
A. BB
B. bb
C. Bb
D. both A and B
12. White flowers are dominant to purple flowers in hydrangea plants. A hydrangea
plant with a genotype of Ww would express which of the following phenotypes?
A. purple
B. white
C. white with purple leaves
D. half purple and half white
13. Dark eyes are dominant to light eyes in monsters. Sulley has a genotype of Dd. His
mother Mulley had a genotype of DD, but he does not know the genotype of his father.
Which of the following could be a possible genotype for his father? (Draw a punnett
square to help you!)
A. dd
B. DD
C. Dd
D. both A and C
For each genotype below determine whether it is heterozygous or homozygous.
14. AA
A. heterozygous
B. homozygous
15. aa
A. heterozygous
B. homozygous
16. Aa
A. heterozygous
B. homozygous
17. Green flowers are dominant to yellow flowers. If a flower is green, which of the
following is NOT a possible genotype?
A. gg
B. Gg
C. GG
D. all of the above
18. Green flowers are dominant to yellow flowers. If a flower has a genotype of gg,
what is its phenotype?
A. green
B. yellow
C. purple
D. it cannot be determined
Use the information below to answer questions 19-21.
In squid people the allele for blue skin (B) is dominant over the green skin (b) allele.
Everyone in Squidward’s family has light blue skin, and they constantly brag that they
are a “purebred” line. He recently married a girl with green skin.
19. Which punnett square below shows the possible offspring for Squidward and his
wife?
A.
B
B
BB
b
Bb
b
Bb
bb
B.
b
b
B
Bb
Bb
B
Bb
Bb
C.
b
b
b
bb
bb
b
bb
bb
D.
b
b
B
BB
Bb
B
BB
Bb
20. What are the chances of Squidward and his wife having a green skinned child?
A. 100%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 0%
21. What are the chances of Squidward and his wife having a blue skinned child?
A. 100%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 0%
22. If you cross 2 parent plants that are both heterozygous for a trait, what percentage of
the offspring will express the dominant trait?
A. 100%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 75%
23. If you cross 2 parent plants that are both heterozygous for a trait, what percentage of
the offspring will express the recessive trait?
A. 100%
B. 25%
C. 50%
D. 0%
The picture below shows that DNA
A. is used to create genes
B. has nothing to do with genes
C. contains many genes
D. contains traits
24. Which statement best describes why an offspring and its mother (in sexual
reproduction) share many common traits?
A. The mother and the offspring both have mitochondria
B. The mother and the offspring both have identical nuclei
C. The mother provided half of the offspring’s chromosomes
D. The mother provided all of the offspring’s chromosomes
25. The table above shows characteristics of four different organisms. Which organism
is the product of asexual reproduction?
A. organism W
B. organism X
C. organism Y
D. organism Z
26. What advantage does a species that reproduces sexually have over a species that
reproduces asexually?
A. There is greater variation among the offspring
B. The offspring are identical to the parents
C. Only one parent is necessary for reproduction
D. No sex cells are needed for reproduction
27. What part of a neuron carries nerve impulses towards the cell body?
a. axon
b. synapse
c. dendrite
d. nucleus
____ 28. What part of a neuron carries nerve impulses away from the cell body?
a. axon
b. synapse
c. dendrite
d. nucleus
____ 29. Which of the following is NOT a function of the nervous system?
a. Receives information about what is happening inside your body
b. Enables movement
c. Directs the responses of your body
d. Helps maintain internal conditions
____30.A synapse is the space between
a. The cell body of one neuron and the cell body of the next neuron
b. an axon and the cell body.
c. a dendrite and the cell body.
d. The axon of one neuron and the dendrite of the next neuron
________
a.
b.
c.
d.
31.
The network of nerves that branch out from the CNS are called
Axons
Spinal Cord
PNS
TNS
Use the following diagram to answer Questions 9-10
32. What part of the brain is indicated by A?
a. brain stem
b. cerebellum
c. cerebrum
d. spinal cord
____33. What part of the brain is indicated by B?
a. brain stem
b. cerebellum
c. cerebrum
d. spinal cord
____34 The role of the respiratory system is to bring what substance into the body?
a. water
b. oxygen
c. carbon dioxide
d. red blood cells
____35.
In which part of the respiratory system is the air first cleaned, moistened,
and warmed?
a. nose
b. lungs
c. pharynx
d. bronchi
____36. During gas exchange, which substance moves from the alveoli into the blood?
a. carbon dioxide
b. oxygen
c. water
d. nitrogen
____37. During gas exchange, which substance moves from the blood into the alveoli?
a. carbon dioxide
b. oxygen
c. water
d. nitrogen
____38. Which structure allows oxygen to enter the bloodstream?
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D
Circulatory System
39. Label each arrow appropriately using the following word bank: superior
vena cava, inferior vena cava, aorta, pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins,
right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, left ventricle, tricuspid valve, mitral
valve.
A) Label where blood enters the heart from the body
B) Label where blood enters the heart from the lungs.
C) Label where blood leaves the heart to go to the body
D) Label where blood leaves the heart to go to the lungs.
E) Write a paragraph explaining the flow of blood through the heart, lungs,
and body. Be sure to use the appropriate names of chambers, valves,
veins, and arteries.
40. What is Cell Theory?
41. What is cellular organization?
42. what are following Definition?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
Cytoplasm
Chloroplast
Cell wall
Golgi Appartus
Vacuoles
Nucleus