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Transcript

The Physics Review BIG Crossword Across 1. The single thermodynamic process which causes no change in internal energy of a gas. 6. They accurately measured the speed of light and disproved the theory of an aether. 8. The type of simple electrical circuit where voltage is constant. 10. Quantity obtained from the area under the curve of velocity vs. time. 15. His law describes the amount of heat or power generated by the current flowing through a conductor. 16. The name of physical constant R equivalent to 8.21 J/(mol*K). 18. His law deals with the force between two charged objects. 21. The single SI unit of magnetic flux density, or Wb/m2. 22. His principle states the pressure applied to a confined fluid is transmitted throughout the fluid. 23. Their law states, at constant volume, the pressure of an ideal gas is proportional to its temperature. 27. His experiment proved electric charge was quantized and did not decay. 28. His experiment proved the wave nature of light by shining it through two slits. 29. The single SI unit of frequency, or 1/s. 30. The single SI unit that indicates the amount of energy per unit charge, or J/C. 34. His law states, at constant temperature and pressure, equal volumes of different gases contain the same number of molecules. 35. The reaction force for an object in circular motion, points away from the center of the circle. 36. Heat transfer within and between bodies due to temperature gradient. 38. The name of physical constant, h, equivalent to 6.626 X 10-34 J*s. 41. The type of nuclear force that holds the nucleus together, transmitted by gluons. 42. The single SI unit of electric charge. 44. His series for spectral line emissions of Hydrogen deals with ultraviolet wavelengths. 46. The type of image formed by optics placed beyond the focal point of concave mirrors and lenses. 47. The type of nuclear force responsible for beta decay and neutrino interactions. 50. His principle states an increase of velocity in a confined fluid causes a decrease of pressure. 52. The effect responsible for the change in frequency of a wave due to relative motion of the source. 54. His law states the direction of EMF induced in a wire opposes the change that produced it. 55. Quantity obtained from the slope of a voltage vs. current graph. 57. The type of particle, decay or radiation associated with an electron. 59. he magnitude of the gravitational force acting on an object. 60. The type of particle, decay or radiation associated with a helium nucleus. 61. The rate of change of energy per unit time. 63. Quantity obtained from the area under the curve of parallel force vs. displacement graph. 65. a non-conservative force created between the surface of two objects. 68. The state of an object where the volume of the object equals the volume of the fluid displaced. 69. The type of particle, decay or radiation associated with high energy photons. 71. The effect where a beam of light can knock electrons off a metallic surface. 72. The type of wave where the amplitude is parallel to the direction of wave motion. 73. The type of meter which is connected in series to a circuit and has low resistance. 76. The single SI unit of power or rate of energy, or J/s. 77. The type of nuclear process which splits nuclei. 79. The single thermodynamic process which causes no change in heat of a gas. 85. The type of nuclear process which combines nuclei. 87. The name of physical constant, o, equivalent to 4 X 10-7 T*m/A. 90. The type of heat transfer from objects in direct physical contact. 92. His principle states an object experiences a buoyant force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced. 94. The single SI unit of pressure, or N/m2. 95. Quantity obtained from the slope connecting the first and last points on a position vs. time graph. 96. The tendency of an object to resist a change in its velocity. 98. His model of the atom stated that electrons orbited a positive nucleus only at quantized locations. 99. His principle limits the precision of any measurement. 102. The type of collision where momentum is conserved but not mechanical energy. 103. The location of a maximum kinetic energy vs. frequency graph for the cutoff frequency of a metal. 105. His law relates the peak wavelength emitted by a blackbody to its temperature. 108. The name of physical constant, NA, equivalent to 6.02 X 1023. 109. His model of the atom that stated atoms were mostly empty space with a dense nucleus. 110. The single SI unit of energy required to raise an electron through 1 Volt of potential difference. 111. The type of image formed by plane mirrors, convex mirrors, and diverging lenses. 112. Their experiment proved the wave nature of electrons by firing them at a nickel target. 113. The 2nd law of thermodynamics states everything in the universe tends toward a maximum of this. 114. His law states, at constant temperature, the volume of an ideal gas is inversely proportional to its pressure. 115. The single SI unit of resistance, or V/A. 116. The single SI unit of energy, or N*m. DOWN 1. The primary concept related to Newton’s law of motion. 2. Newton’s law of motion for equal and opposite forces. 3. The law of thermodynamics related to thermal equilibrium. 4. Property of metal obtained from the yintercept of a maximum kinetic energy vs. frequency graph. Original by Bill Ellis, 2007-05-08 rev.2 5. He obtained the Nobel prize for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. 7. The type of quantity described by magnitude and direction. 9. Quantity obtained from the area under the curve of a force vs. time graph. 11. The name of physical constant, 0, equivalent to 8.85 X 10-12 C2/N*m2. 12. The type of heat transfer by circulation or the movement of a substance. 13. The single SI unit of radioactive decay, or 1 decay per second. 14. The single SI unit of capacitance, or C/V. 17. Newton’s law that relates the masses and distance of two objects to the force between them. 19. The type of radiation emitted from objects with frequencies across the entire EM spectrum. 20. Kepler’s 1st law states planets orbit the Sun in this shape. 21. The type of wave where the amplitude is perpendicular to the direction of wave motion. 24. His experiment scattered electrons with x-ray photons causing the photon wavelength to shift. 25. His principle states every point on a wavefront can be treated as a new wave source. 26. Constant obtained from the slope of a maximum kinetic energy vs. frequency graph. 31. The type of quantity described by magnitude only. 32. The law of thermodynamics relating the change in internal energy of the heat and work on a system. 33. Kirchhoff’s rule that states the sum of all currents going in and out of any point must equal zero. 37. Theoretically the most efficient thermodynamic cycle. 39. The 3rd law of thermodynamics states you can never reach this in a finite number of steps. 40. The single SI unit that indicates the amount of unit charge per second, or C/s. 43. Quantity obtained from the slope of a position vs. time graph. 45. The name of physical constant, G, equivalent to 6.67 X 10-11 N*m2/kg2. 48. Quantity obtained from the slope of a velocity vs. time graph. 49. His law states a restoring force is proportional to the displacement from equilibrium. 51. His law relates the interference patterns produced by waves because of their path difference. 53. Newton’s law of motion that is related to F=ma, or a=F/m. 56. His law relates the angle of incidence to the angle of refraction based on indices of refraction. 58. His model of the atom where electrons floated in a positive cloud resembling plum pudding. 62. His series for spectral line emissions of Hydrogen deals with infrared wavelengths. 64. The single thermodynamic process which maintains constant pressure. 66. The action force that maintains circular motion, points toward the center of the circle. 67. His principle states no two fermions or electrons in an atom can have the same set of quantum numbers. 70. That state of an object where the mass of the object equals the mass of the fluid displaced. 74. The type of collision where momentum and mechanical energy are conserved. 75. The name of physical constant, kB, equivalent to 1.38 X 10-23 J/K. 78. The type of force that holds atoms and molecules together, transmitted by photons. 80. The principle which deals with adding amplitudes of two or more waves at any point. 81. His law relates the current in a circuit to its resistance and potential difference. 82. Change of quantity that is obtained from the area under the curve of an acceleration vs. time graph. 83. Quantity obtained from the area under the curve of a pressure vs. volume graph. 84. The name of physical constant, kC, equivalent to 8.99 X 109 N*m2/C2. 86. Quantity obtained from the slope of a restoring force vs. displacement graph. 88. Kepler’s 2nd law states orbiting planets take the same amount of time to cover an equal amount of this.. 89. His series for spectral line emissions of Hydrogen deals with visible wavelengths. 90. His law states, at constant pressure, the volume of an ideal gas is proportional to its temperature. 91. The single thermodynamic process which there is no work done on or by a gas. 93. Their experiment deals with the different properties of electron spin. 95. The type of spectral lines associated with distinct bright bands on a dark background. 97. The type of meter which is connected in parallel to a circuit and has high resistance. 100. The type of spectral lines associated with distinct dark bands on a bright background. 101. His hypothesis stated all objects have wavelike properties ad a wavelength associated with them. 104. The type of simple electrical circuit where the current is constant. 105. The single SI unit of magnetic flux, or V*s. 106. Kirchhoff’s rule that states the sum of all of electric potential energies around any closed path must equal zero. 107. The single SI unit of force, or kg*m/s2. Solution wordlist (alphabetical, words may be used more than once) absolutezero, absorption, acceleration, adiabatic, alpha, ammeter, ampere, Archimedes, area, averagevelocity, Avogadro, Balmer, Becquerel, Bernoulli, beta, blackbody, Bohr, Boltzman, Boyle, Bragg, Carnot, centrifugal, centripetal, Charles, Compton, conduction, convection, Coulomb, DavissonGermer, DeBroglie, displacement, Doppler, Einstein, elastic, electromagnetic, electronvolt, ellipse, emission, entropy, Farad, first, fission, floating, friction, fusion, gamma, GayLussac, gravitation, gravitational, Heisenberg, Hertz, Hooke, Huygen, impulse, inelastic, inertia, isobaric, isothermal, isovolumetric, Joule, junction, Lenz, longitudinal, loop, Lyman, MichelsonMorley, Millikan, Newton, Ohm, parallel, Pascal Paschen, Pauli, permeability, permittivity, photoelectric, Planck, power, real, resistance, Rutherford, scalar, second, series, Snell, springconstant, SternGerlach strong submerged superposition, Tesla, third, Thomson, transverse, universalgas, vector, velocity, virtual, volt, voltmeter, Watt, weak, Weber, weight, Wien, work, workfunction, xintercept, Young, zeroth Original by Bill Ellis, 2007-05-08 rev.2