Download Unit 1: The Rise of Democratic Ideals

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Unit I Study Guide – The Rise of Democratic Ideals Name______________________ Per.___
Due – Friday February 4th
Text Reading – Prologue Sections 1 & 2 - pg. 5 - 17
Directions: Compile information on the single side of a separate 8.5 x 11in. sheet of
paper or in your spiral notebook
I. The Legacy of Ancient Greece
A. Name & describe the types of government used in classical Greece.
B. How did the reforms of Solon make Athens more democratic?
C. Why is Cleisthenes regarded as the “father of democracy” in Athens?
D. How did Pericles allow Athens to evolve into a working direct democracy?
E. What did Socrates’ philosophy impact Greek society?
F. What were the main differences between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta?
G. What were the main legacies of the Greeks?
II. The Romans: Republic and Empire
A. Describe the contributions the Etruscans made to Roman culture.
B. How did the Greeks and the Romans view the Etruscans?
C. What brought about the end of the Etruscan monarchy?
D. Why did the Romans develop a Republic after the fall of the Etruscans?
E. How did written laws impact Roman society?
F. What role did propaganda play in the Roman Empire?
G. What were the major contributions the Romans made to future societies?
III. Judeo-Christian Tradition – Section 2 pg. 12 - 17
A. How did the Romans affect the spread of Christianity?
B. Why were Jews and Christians persecuted in the Roman Empire?
C. Describe the religion of Christianity.
D. Describe the religion of Judaism.
E. Describe the religion of Islam.
F. What do these three religions share in common?
G. What Judeo-Christian ideas were crucial to the development of democracy?
Terms/Names to Know:
Direct Democracy
Republic
10 Commandments
Government
Monotheism
Polytheism
Philosophy